Has Richard Rorty a moral philosophy?

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی


دانشیار گروه فلسفه دانشگاه تبریز


در این مقاله سعی دارم نشان دهم که رورتی هرچند همانند کانت فیلسوف اخلاق محسوب نمی­شود، ولی با این حال فلسفۀ اخلاقی دارد که باید آن را جدی گرفت. رورتی به نحو نظام­مند با مسائل اخلاقی درگیر نمی­شود آنطور که فیلسوفان مدرن و معاصر درگیرند. این مقاله دو بخش دارد: بخش نخست با مبانی فلسفۀ رورتی مثل ضد ماهیت باوری، داروین­گرایی، فرویدگرایی و تاریخ­گرایی سروکار دارد. بخش دوم که تا حدودی مفصل است، بسیاری از مضامین اخلاقی مثل نقد اخلاق کانتی، همبستگی، پیشرفت اخلاقی، ظلم و ستم و غیره را در اندیشه رورتی مورد ارزیابی قرار می­دهد. در نهایت می­خواهد به این سوال جواب دهد که آیا رورتی فلسفۀ اخلاق دارد یا نه؟



عنوان مقاله [English]

Has Richard Rorty a moral philosophy?

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad Asghari
Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Tabriz- Iran
چکیده [English]

I try to show that Richard Rorty, although is not a moral philosopher like Kant, nerveless, has moral philosophy that must be taken seriously. Rorty was not engaged with moral philosophy in the systematic manner common among leading modern and contemporary moral philosophers. This paper has two parts: first part, in brief, is concerned with principles of his philosophy such as anti-essentialism, Darwinism, Freudism, and historicism. Second part which be long and detailed, considers many moral themes in Rorty's thought such as critique of Kantian morality, solidarity, moral progress, cruelty and concept of other, etc. Subsequently, I will try to answer the research question of the article namely, has Rorty a moral philosophy?

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • moral philosophy
  • Solidarity
  • moral progress
  • Kantian ethics
  • Rorty
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