The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه، دانشگاه تبریز

2 دانشیار گروه فلسفه، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

 امروزه پدیدارشناسی با تأکید بر توصیف مستقیم امور و توجه به تجربه زیسته افراد مورد توجه حوزه­های مختلف قرار گرفته است. در این بین پدیدارشناسی مرلوپونتی با تاکیدی که بر نقش بدن دارد توجه محققان حوزه پزشکی را به خود جلب کرده است. مرلوپونتی در پدیدارشناسی خود تعریف جدیدی از بدن ارائه می­دهد که آن را «بدن زیسته» می­نامد. بدن زیسته که در مقابل مفهوم مکانیکی بدن قرار دارد محور ذهنیت و در- جهان- بودن انسان محسوب می­شود و در واقع تمام ابعاد وجودی انسان را در بر می­گیرد. چنین تعریفی از بدن این امکان را در اختیار پزشکان قرار می­دهد تا آنها در مداخلات پزشکی خود علاوه بر توجه به بعد فیزیولوژیکی بدن، ابعاد وجودی آن را نیز در نظر بگیرند و با توجه به تجربه زیسته افراد به معنای جدیدی از بیماری و نیز سلامت دست یابند. در این مقاله می­کوشیم تا ضمن با بررسی این مفهوم جدید از بدن و خصایص آن نقش آن را در حوزه پزشکی تشریح کنیم. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Phenomenology of Merleau- ponty in Medicine

نویسندگان [English]

  • Somayeh Rafighi 1
  • Mohammad Asghari 2

1 PHD Candidate of philosophy, University of Tabriz (corresponding author)

2 Associate Professor of philosophy, Tabriz University

چکیده [English]

Today, phenomenology, with an emphasis on direct explanations with regard to the lived experience of people is interest of different areas. With emphasis on body, Merleau- Ponty's phenomenology is considered in medical science. In his phenomenology, Merleau- Ponty gives new definition of body and names it lived body. Lived body is against of mechanical body and is the central of subjectivity and being- in- the – world and included all of existential aspects of man. Such definition enable doctors to consider all of existential aspects of man besides his physiological and same understanding of the disease based on the patient lived experience. This paper attempts to examine the implications of this new concept of the body as it is described in the medical field.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Embodiment phenomenology
  • biological body
  • physical body
  • lived experience
  • disease
  • Health
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