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نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده الهیات دانشگاه تهران

2 هیات علمی گروه فلسفه دانشکده الهیات دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار گروه فلسفه دین، دانشکده الاهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

10.22034/jpiut.2020.39955.2562

چکیده

Asking from the truth of Cogito as the basis of knowledge, this paper tries to analyze all possible answers in Descartes’ philosophy. Inductively, four possible answers are open to consideration: either Cogito is true 1) based on argumentation, 2) because it is clear and distinct, 3) because of being innate, or, lastly, 4) because of intuition. All of these explanations either entail accepting some prior knowledge to Cogito or fall in a vicious circle. A proper way to explain Cogito’s truth is a new perspective to the meaning of intuition in Descartes’ philosophy. Through this perspective Cogito is a presential experience. Lack of any gap, separation and disjunction in this presential experience is the reason for the truth of Cogito because this lack is the lack of error’s cause.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Rene Descartes’s Cogito Argument Reconsidered

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajad Amirkhani Shahraki 1
  • Ahad Faramarz Gharamaleki 2
  • AbdolRasoul Kashfi 3
1 The Faculty of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, University of Tehran
2 Faculty of Theology, University of Tehran
3 Philosophy of Religion Group, Faculity of Theology and Islamic Studies, Tehran University, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Asking from the truth of Cogito as the basis of knowledge, this paper tries to analyze all possible answers in Descartes’ philosophy. Inductively, four possible answers are open to consideration: either Cogito is true 1) based on argumentation, 2) because it is clear and distinct, 3) because of being innate, or, lastly, 4) because of intuition. All of these explanations either entail accepting some prior knowledge to Cogito or fall in a vicious circle. A proper way to explain Cogito’s truth is a new perspective to the meaning of intuition in Descartes’ philosophy. Through this perspective Cogito is a presential experience. Lack of any gap, separation, and disjunction in this presential experience is the reason for the truth of Cogito because this lack is the lack of error’s cause.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rene Descartes
  • Cogito Ergo Sum
  • Meditations
  • Self-Awareness
  • Knowledge by Presence
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