(university of Tabriz)The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه فلسفه علم، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران، ایران

2 گروه فلسفه علم و فناوری، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی، تهران، ایران

10.22034/jpiut.2022.44055.2747

چکیده

According to the care crisis in modern medicine, the human needs of patients are not sufficiently satisfied. Trying to address the crisis, James Marcum argues that physicians should be educated to be virtuous. This suggestion is helpful but incomplete. It does not take into account that the advent of (medical) technologies has affected physicians’ understanding of disease and diagnosis. Disease is currently understood as an object detectable by technologies, and patients’ narratives are unnecessary to physicians’ diagnosis. The human relationship between patients and physicians has accordingly been weakened, causing the care crisis. This nonetheless does not mean that technology is necessarily disruptive to caring practice. In particular, we argue that online forums can carry part of the responsibility of caring. These forums are technological factors playing the role of focal things, in which human factors (i.e., the members of the forum) gather together to care for one another. At the end of the paper, we empirically study Ninisite, a popular Persian website on pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting. We suggest that Ninisite is a focal thing, in which people gather to engage with and care for one another. Ninisite’s forums reduce its members’ alienation by connecting them to each other. These forums also inhibit self-alienation by providing situations where members freely discuss their intimate feelings and thoughts. In general, online forums are helpful in alleviating the care crisis.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Contribution of Online Forums to Alleviating Care Crisis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Khalili 1
  • Saeedeh Babaii 2

1 Philosophy of Science, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Philosophy of Science and Technology Department,, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

According to the care crisis in modern medicine, the human needs of patients are not sufficiently satisfied. Trying to address the crisis, James Marcum argues that physicians should be educated to be virtuous. This suggestion is helpful but incomplete. It does not take into account that the advent of (medical) technologies has affected physicians’ understanding of disease and diagnosis. Disease is currently understood as an object detectable by technologies, and patients’ narratives are unnecessary to physicians’ diagnosis. The human relationship between patients and physicians has accordingly been weakened, causing the care crisis. This nonetheless does not mean that technology is necessarily disruptive to caring practice. In particular, we argue that online forums can carry part of the responsibility of caring. These forums are technological factors playing the role of focal things, in which human factors (i.e., the members of the forum) gather together to care for one another. At the end of the paper, we empirically study Ninisite, a popular Persian website on pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting. We suggest that Ninisite is a focal thing, in which people gather to engage with and care for one another. Ninisite’s forums reduce its members’ alienation by connecting them to each other. These forums also inhibit self-alienation by providing situations where members freely discuss their intimate feelings and thoughts. In general, online forums are helpful in alleviating the care crisis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Care
  • Technology
  • Online Forums
  • Focal Thing and Practice
  • Ninisite
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