اخلاق و نظریه‌ی نفس در اندیشه‌ی استیچ: آوردگاه روان‌شناسیِ اخلاق و علوم شناختی

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فلسفه‌ی دین، دانشگاه تهران(نویسنده‌ی مسئول)

2 استاد دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

استیفن استیچ، یکی از نام­دارترین روان­شناسان و فیلسوفان حوزه­های اخلاق و ذهن است. وی با بهره­گیری و تلفیق سنت­های روان­شناسانه و فلسفی در حوزه­های مذکور به مرجع بسیاری از پژوهش­های معاصر در روان‌شناسی اخلاق و فلسفه­ی ذهن بدل گشته است. پژوهش حاضر با ادعای اینکه نفس­شناسی، جهان­شناسی و خداشناسی فیلسوفان، سامان نظریه­ی اخلاق آنان را برخواهد ساخت، به تأثیر نظریه­ی نفس استیچ در نظرگاه اخلاقیِ وی خواهد پرداخت. براین اساس، نخست به تحلیل فرااخلاقِ نظریه­ی اخلاق وی در دو ساحت معرفت‌شناسی و وجودشناسی پرداخته و سپس با ارزیابی نفس­شناسی وی، درصدد یافتن نسبت­های مابعدالطبیعی میان نفس­شناسی و نظریه­ی اخلاقِ وی برخواهیم آمد. در پایان با اشاره به‌اینکه تلقیِ غیر دوگانه­انگار و شناختی استیچ در نفس­شناسی، چگونه ساحت­های یادشده را متاثر نموده، به نگرش وی مبنی بر گذار از روان­شناسی متعارف اخلاق به روان­شناسیِ شناختی و رهیافت­های آزمایشگاهیِ وی در سامانِ نظریه­ی اخلاق خواهیم پرداخت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Ethics and Mind Theory in Stich's Philosophy; Moral Psychology and Cognitive Sciences United

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hadi Fazeli 1
  • Ahad Faramarz Gharamaleki 2
چکیده [English]

Stephen Stich is one of the most outstanding psychologist and philosophers in the both ethics and mind fields. He merged psychological and philosophical traditions into one and became the source of many studies in moral psychology and philosophy of mind. This article claimed that theory of mind, theory of world, and theology of every philosopher would construct their moral theory. By such a view, we will first analyze the meta-ethics of stich’s theory in both ontological and epistemological aspects and then try to find the metaphysical connections between his mind theory and ethics. Finally, we will mention how such a cognitive and non-dualistic approach can shape those aspects and give Stich a permission to overcome folk psychology and find his way into cognitive psychology and experimental approaches in constructing his ethical theory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stich's Ethical Theory
  • Stich's Theory of Mind
  • Monist Theory of Mind
  • moral philosophy
  • Philosophy of Mind
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