عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Establishing an efficient moral discipline depends on the accurate and comprehensive recognition of the human nature as the morality subject. In fact, the necessary precondition of founding a moral system depends on; what we are considering the human and his nature, if know him as a wicked creature by nature, or treating him as an existence to which belongs both sensible and rational, which in each realm appears an aspect of his nature.
Human, for Kant, is not a mono-dimension of being, but it is a citizen of both sensible and rational worlds. Human,based on his rational nature, is good, and is bad based on his sensible nature. So, in Groundwork of the metaphysics of moral, he emphasizes that now because the world of understanding contains the ground of the world of sense and so too of its laws, we must suppose that in our capacity as members of the World of understanding, we give laws to ourselves as members of the World of sense. And this is what gives us obligations.
The necessity of founding the morality on anthropology-which in Kant's viewpoint is an empirical science methodologically-on the one hand, and the possibility of establishing a pure moral philosophy which is quite free of any empirical element, on the other hand, has led some interpreters to doubt whether Kant has really been able to found such a moral systemTherefore, here, in order to reveal the purity of Kant's moral philosophy, and also, to detect the way it is based on anthropology, we are going to studythe relation of Kant's anthropology and his ethics.