Phenomenology of love: The Destructive and Constructive Nature of Love

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Professor of psychiatry, research center of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Iran

2 Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Medical philosophy and history reasche center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده

Love, this eminent humane experience, has been explored not only by writers and poets, but also by philosophers, psychologists and even experimental scientists. This paper aims to discuss a novel aspect in phenomenology of love, as the concept of destructive and constructive nature of love, which is to the best of our knowledge, presented for the first time. The fundamental idea of this paper was obtained from verses of Hafiz, then polished by theories of Robert Cloninger and several other thinkers in the field of human emotions. Many verses of Hafiz display love experience as a necessary step towards growth, in a way that could be evinced further by the development of the "self-aware psych" introduced by Cloninger. He introduces the "self-aware psych" as one of the three constituting domains of human mind and personality, the intuitive essence bringing integrity for personality. If self-aware psych flourishes by favorable growth and development, it would prepare the ground for creativity, wisdom and well-being, otherwise, personality disorders would be contingent. The destructive and constructive nature of love, towards development of self-awareness and mental growth, is further determined by re-explaining the proposed theory of "ego as a complex" by Carl Jung, the theory of "network of intentionality" by John Searle, and the theory of "emotional processing" by Edna Foa and Michael Kozak in this context.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Phenomenology of love: The Destructive and Constructive Nature of Love

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Farnam 1
  • Masumeh Zamanlu 2
  • Sahar Khoshdeli 3
1 Professor of psychiatry, research center of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Iran
2 Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Medical philosophy and history reasche center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Love, this eminent humane experience, has been explored not only by writers and poets, but also by philosophers, psychologists and even experimental scientists. This paper aims to discuss a novel aspect in phenomenology of love, as the concept of destructive and constructive nature of love, which is to the best of our knowledge, presented for the first time. The fundamental idea of this paper was obtained from verses of Hafiz, then polished by theories of Robert Cloninger and several other thinkers in the field of human emotions. Many verses of Hafiz display love experience as a necessary step towards growth, in a way that could be evinced further by the development of the "self-aware psych" introduced by Cloninger. He introduces the "self-aware psych" as one of the three constituting domains of human mind and personality, the intuitive essence bringing integrity for personality. If self-aware psych flourishes by favorable growth and development, it would prepare the ground for creativity, wisdom and well-being, otherwise, personality disorders would be contingent. The destructive and constructive nature of love, towards development of self-awareness and mental growth, is further determined by re-explaining the proposed theory of "ego as a complex" by Carl Jung, the theory of "network of intentionality" by John Searle, and the theory of "emotional processing" by Edna Foa and Michael Kozak in this context.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Love
  • Phenomenology
  • emotion
  • excellence of self-awareness
  • Hafiz
-         Cloninger, C. R. (2004). Feeling good: the science of well-being, Oxford University Press.
-         Cloninger, C. R. (2006). “The science of well-being: an integrated approach to mental health and its disorders:. World Psychiatry, 5(2), 71.
-         Cloninger, C. R. (2008). On well-being: current research trends and future directions. Mens Sana Monographs, 6(1), 3.
-         Cloninger, C. R. (2009). “Evolution of human brain functions: the functional structure of human consciousness”. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43(11), 994-1006.
-         Cloninger, C. R. (2013). What makes people healthy, happy, and fulfilled in the face of current world challenges? Mens Sana Monographs, 11(1), 16.
-         Cloninger, C. R., Zohar, A. H., & Cloninger, K. M. (2010). “Promotion of well-being in person-centered mental health care”. Focus, 8(2), 165-179.
-         Homayoun Far, B. (2010). Ghazal of Hafez Shirazi In Persian with English translation (Original Translation by Henry Wilberforce Clarke (1840-1905)).
-         Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2000). Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry.
-         Searle, J. R. (2004). Mind: a brief introduction: Oxford University Press.
-         Searle, J. R., Dennett, D. C., & Chalmers, D. J. (1997). The mystery of consciousness: New York Review of Books.
-         Zahavi, D. (2008). Subjectivity and selfhood: Investigating the first-person perspective: MIT university press.
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