The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فلسفه غرب از دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

بیش از 30 سال پیش، اصطلاح نوروفلسفه برای توصیف حوزه­ی جدید و نوظهور پژوهش­های میان­رشته­ای ابداع شد. این اصطلاح با انتشار کتاب نوروفلسفه (1986) توسط پاتریشیا چرچلند وارد بحث­های فلسفی شد که هدف آن معرفی نوروساینس به فیلسوفان و معرفی فلسفه به نوروساینتیست‌ها و با تأکید بیشتر بر مورد اول بود. نوروفلسفه تمایل خاصی برای کسانی که اعتقاد به فیزیک­نگری دارند ایجاد می­کند؛ چنانکه برای مثال این شاخه از علم به خوبی توانسته است شکاف بین آگاهی و پدیده­های فیزیکی را پر کند. این اصطلاح منعکس­کنندة تحولات بالقوة انقلابی است که در آن نظریه­های مطرح در مورد ذهن با نتایج حاصل از نوروساینس درباره سازماندهی مغز ترکیب می‌شوند. هدف این حوزه ایجاد همکاری بین نوروساینس، روانشناسی، ژنتیک، زیست­شناسی تکاملی و فلسفه است که منجر به درک بهتر ذهن انسان می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Neurophilosophy since the Beginning until Now

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Mehdi Mirlo 1
  • Mohammad Ali Nazari 2
  • Somayyeh Asadzadeh 3

چکیده [English]

More than 30 years ago, the term neurophilosophy was developed to describe a new domain of interdisciplinary researches. Introducing the neuroscience to philosophers and also philosophy to neuroscientists, Patricia Churchland published his book entitled neurophilosophy (1986), although the greater emphasis was on the first one. Neurophilosophy creates a particular interest to those who believe in physicalistic. For example, neurophilosophy has been able to fill the gap between consciousness and physical phenomena. This term reflects potentially revolutionary developments in which proposed theories about the mind are combined with neuroscience results about the organization of brain. The goal of neurophilosophy is to make cooperation among neuroscience, psychology, genetics, evolutionary biology and philosophy; so it leads to better understanding of the human mind.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Neurophilosophy
  • philosophy
  • Neuroscience
  • Cognitive sciences
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