The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه تبریز

2 استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فرانسه، دانشگاه تبریز

3 استادیار گروه فلسفه، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

The present paper seeks to view language through the prism of gender as social practice as delineated by Judith Butler. Following up on the notion of gender as an entity distinguished from biological sex, she tends to base the notion on a set of normalizing practices that determine gender identity. For so doing, she believes that gender is discursively made or constructed performatively. In her view, the social discourse aligns economic power with a manly power structure where women are dismissed altogether. On the other hand, social and linguistic structures are closely inter-related and serve to perpetuate the dominance and imposed gender identity the latter one of which is actualized through imitated performativity. The article also explores dimensions of gendered practice regarding subjectivity and repression. Butler’s views, though quite intriguing for post-structuralists and postmodern scholars, have been criticized on the grounds that it fails to empower women, follow a political agenda, promise any moral basis.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Language, gender and subjectivity from Judith Butler’s perspective

نویسندگان [English]

  • Massoud Yaghoubi-Notash 1
  • Vahid Nejad Mohammad 2
  • Mahmoud Soufiani 3

1 Assistant Professor of ELT, University of Tabriz

2 Assistant Professor of France Language and literature, University of Tabriz

3 Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Tabriz

چکیده [English]

The present paper seeks to view language through the prism of gender as social practice as delineated by Judith Butler. Following up on the notion of gender as an entity distinguished from biological sex, she tends to base the notion on a set of normalizing practices that determine gender identity. For so doing, she believes that gender is discursively made or constructed performatively. In her view, the social discourse aligns economic power with a manly power structure where women are dismissed altogether. On the other hand, social and linguistic structures are closely inter-related and serve to perpetuate the dominance and imposed gender identity the latter one of which is actualized through imitated performativity. The article also explores dimensions of gendered practice regarding subjectivity and repression. Butler’s views, though quite intriguing for post-structuralists and postmodern scholars, have been criticized on the grounds that it fails to empower women, follow a political agenda, promise any moral basis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Butler
  • gender language
  • performativity
  • subjectivity
-      Austin, J. L. (1976). How to do Things with Words, James O. Urmson, Marina Sbisà (eds), Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2th Ed.
-      Butler, J. (1990). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, New York: Routledge.
-      Butler, J. (1993) Bodies that Matter: On the discursive limits of “Sex”, London, New York: Routledge.
-      Butler, J. (1997a). Excitable speech. New York: Routledge.
-      Butler, J. (1997b). The psychic life of power. Theories in subjectivity, Stanford University Press: Stanford.
-      Butler, J (1999) Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, London, New York: Routledge.
-      Butler, J (2000) ‘Politics, power and ethics, p. a discussion between Judith Butler and William Conolly’ Theory & Event 4(2), http, p.//muse.jhu.edu/journals/theoryand event/toc/index.html (accessed on 15th January 2006).
-      Butler, J. (1999). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York:  Routledge.
-      Butler, J., Sabot, P., and Young, D. (2012). Subjects of desire: Hegelian reflections in twentieth-century France. New York: Columbia University Press.
-      Gannon, S. & Davies, B. (2006). Post-modern, post-structural and critical theories. In S. N. Hess-Biber (Ed.), Handbook of feminist research (pp. 71-106). New York: Sage Publications.
-      Lloyd, M. (2007). Judith Butler: From Norms to Politics. Cambridge:  Polity.
-      Mikkola, Mari. 2017. Feminist Perspectives on Sex and Gender, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2017 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).
-      Ramazanoglu, C. (with Holland, J.). (2002). Feminist methodology: Challenges and choices. London: Sage.
-      Stoller, Robert (1968), Sex and gender: On the development of masculinity and femininity. London, Hogarth Press.
-      Searl, J. (1998). La construction de la réalité, Paris: Gallimard.
-      Vidal, J. (2006). Judith Butler en France: Trouble dans la réception , Revue Mouvements, Nº 47-48, mi-juin.
CAPTCHA Image