The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations


موسی اکرمی دانشیار واحد علوم و تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران


امروزه در رویارویی با کثرت منطقها، بحثهائی دربارة "چندگانه انگاری"، "یگانه انگاری"، "نسبی انگاری"، و "مطلق انگاری" در منطق از یک سو، و "ترکیب منطقها" و "ترجمة منطقها به یکدیگر" از سوی دیگر مطرح شده‌اند.
در واکنشی جهانی به چندگانگی منطقها، پژوهشهای مهمی در چارچوب طرحی گسترده به نام «منطق کلی»، با دو روایت صورت گرفته است: 1) "منطق کلی چونان نظریة عمومیِ منطقها" یا "منطق کلی چونان نظریه‌ای عمومی دربارة منطقها"؛ 2) "منطق کلی چونان تنها منطق فراگیر"، یا "اَبَرمنطق"، یا "منطق مادر" که منطقهای گوناگون را در خود دارد یا آنها را تولید می‌کند. نگارنده می‌کوشد گزارش و تبیینی از روایت نخست عرضه کند و مؤلفه‌ها، زمینه‌ها، رویکردها، و روشهای مهم پژوهش در چارچوب منطق کلی چونان نظریة عمومی منطق را برشمارد و ارزیابی کند.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Universal Logic as a General Theory of Logic

نویسنده [English]

  • Musa Akrami

چکیده [English]

 Nowadays, we are confronted with important debates concerning “pluralism”, “monism”, “relativism”, and “absolutism” in logic on the one hand, and “combinations of logics”, and “translations of logics into each other”, on the other hand.
In a global reaction to the plurality of logics. Some important researches have been done in the framework of an extensive project called “universal logic” with two readings: 1) “universal logic as the general theory of logic(s)” or “universal logic as a general theory of logic(s)”; 2) “universal logic as the comprehensive logic”, or “super-logic”, or “mother logic”, a notion which encompasses all logics and generates them., The author gives a description as well as an explanation of the first reading, enumerating and evaluating the important constituents, fields, approaches, and methods of enquiry within the framework of “universal logic as the general theory of logic(s)”.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Logical pluralism
  • universal logic
  • general theory of logic(s)
  • equivalence of logics
  • combinations of logics
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