The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه فلسفه و حکمت اسلامی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، ایران، تبریز.

10.22034/jpiut.2020.39870.2557

چکیده

ماجرای اخیر «کرونا ویروس» در عصر جدید، یادآور یکی از مسائل همیشگی در تاریخِ فلسفه و کلام است.فیلسوفان و متفکرین حوزه دین­پژوهی، این قبیل امور را تحت عنوان «شرور» مورد بحث و موشکافی قرار داده­اند. این مقاله نیز بحران ناشی از رفتار این ویروس را تحت همین عنوان بررسی کرده و ابعاد مختف آن را در ساحت باورها و عواطف تحلیل نموده­است. در حوزه معرفتی و فکری، راه­حلّ­های مختلفی در این خصوص ارائه شده است. هیچ یک از این راه­حلّ­ها به تنهایی قادر به پاسخگویی به همه اشکالات و توجیه­کننده همه اقسام شرور نیستند؛ لکن به نظر می­رسد در تبیین شرور رایج، ترکیبی از آن­ها را در چارچوب یک جهان­بینی جامع، می­توان به­کار برد. در حوزه عاطفی و وجودی نیز که براساس آن، فرد پدیده شرّ یعنی درد و رنج را با تمام وجودش تجربه می­کند، هم  تحلیل­ها و تبیین­های ناظر به حوزهباورهادر جهت معنا بخشی بهاین درد و رنج­ها، کارساز هستند و هم مراقبت­های اخلاقی و عاطفی و روان­شناختی، مفید و اثربخش­اند و به تسکین و تقلیلِ درد و رنج افرادِ گرفتار کمک می­کنند. پدیده «کروناویروس»، از منظری دیگر نیز دارای آثار و پیامدهای مختلف و مخرّب در حوزه­های مختلف فرهنگی ، اجتماعی، اقتصادی و جهان­گردی است که حلّ آن­ها، نیازمند تدابیر هوشمندانه و هماهنگ است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Philosophical analysis of the crisis caused by "Coronavirus”

نویسنده [English]

  • Mansour İmanpour

Associate Prof. Shahid Madani's University of Azarbaijan, Iran. Tabriz.

چکیده [English]

The recent crisis of the Corona Virus in the modern era is reminiscent of one of the most enduring issues in the history of philosophy and theology. Philosophers and theologians have discussed such matters as "evil." This paper also examines the crisis caused by the behavior of this virus under the same title and analyzes its various dimensions in the realm of human beliefs and emotions. In the intellectual and philosophical areas, various solutions have been proposed in this regard. None of these solutions alone can answer all the problems and justify all sorts of evils, but it seems that a combination of them can be used to explain common evils. In the emotional and existential realm, according to which the individual experiences pain and suffering with all his being, both analyzes and explanations related to the realm of beliefs are effective in order to make sense of these sufferings, and moral, emotional, and psychological care are helpful and effective in helping to alleviate people's suffering. From another point of view, the phenomenon of "coronavirus" has different and destructive effects and consequences in various cultural, social, economic and tourism fields, the solution of which requires intelligent and coordinated management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Coronavirus
  • Evil
  • Existential Evil
  • Good and Evil
  • Theology
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