The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه فلسفه، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی. ایران. تهران

10.22034/jpiut.2020.40442.2601

چکیده

مقالۀ حاضر با بهره‌گیری از نظریۀ سه جهان پوپر توضیح می‌دهد که ویروس کرونا چگونه می‌تواند تأثیری وسیع و گسترده بر زیست‌بوم عقلانیت بگذارد و به واسطۀ وجود جهان 3 چگونه ویروس‌هایی که تهدیدی برای انسان هستند، می‌توانند تهدیدی برای کل حیات در کرۀ زمین باشند. از طرفی مقالۀ حاضر ضمن تأکید بر تفاوت مهم معرفت‌شناختی علم و تکنولوژی توضیح می‌دهد نقش نقادانۀ علم به تکنولوژی تا چه اندازه اهمیت دارد و در عین حال می‌تواند الهام‌بخش تکنولوژی‌های پاک و الهام‌بخش ابداع تکنولوژی‌هایی برای جلوگیری از بحران‌های بیشتر داشته باشد. رویکرد درستْ قرار دادن تکنولوژی در سپهر عقلانیت است، اتخاذ رویکردهای غیرعقلانی و فلسفه‌هایی که علم را به تکنولوژی فرومی‌کاهند یا آن دو را باهم خلط می‌کنند، نه تنها نادرست است، بلکه زمینه‌ساز بحران‌های بیشتر و عمیق‌تر نه تنها برای انسان، بلکه برای کل حیات در کرۀ زمین است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Impact of Coronavirus on the Ecosystem of Rationality

نویسنده [English]

  • Alireza Mansouri

Associate Prof. Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies; Iran. Tehran.

چکیده [English]

This paper, using Popper's theory of three worlds, aims to explain how coronavirus has a far-reaching impact on the ecosystem of rationality, and how the viruses that threaten humans could be a threat to the whole life on Earth. On the other hand, this paper, while emphasizing the important epistemological difference between science and technology, explains the pivotal role of science to prevent further crises by putting technology in the sphere of rationality; both by criticizing technologies and inspiring to invent clean technologies. It is emphasized that irrational approaches and doctrines which reduce science to technology or confuse the two disciplines are not only incorrect, but also may create more and deeper crises for humans and whole life on earth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Coronavirus
  • Covid-19
  • Critical Rationalism
  • Popper's Theory of three Worlds
  • human technologies
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