عنوان مقاله [English]
In Hegel's Phenomenology, Hegel portrays the dialectical structure of the history of European human consciousness. He has recognized dialectical necessity and relativity in all transitions of consciousness to different outcomes and it pursues it in all areas of history and areas of thought in different currents. In the Season of the spirit, we find two very important developments in social history, the French Revolution, and in the history of thought, Kant's philosophy of ethics, which appear in two successive sections. It is as if Hegel has found a close relation between Robespierre's assassination regime and Kantian philosophy of ethics. Where Robespierre's abstract freedom to establish absolute freedom in the realization of his partial universal will destroys any entity or detail as disrupting the realization of his free will. And a period of despotism and terror begins. It is as if such a claim of general will that does not bear any details and disagreements turn into the inner tyranny of the general law of Kantian ethics (which is the only way to achieve freedom) in the destruction of nature, desires, customs, objective institutions, and so forth. And because of the endless contradictions and anxiety created by the endless contradictions, the moral person, like a revolutionary person, is trapped within his own abstract will, which Hegel believes will have dangerous consequences.