تفسیر پیشگفتار هگل بر کتاب فلسفۀ حق و بررسی مؤلفه‌های اساسی فلسفۀ سیاسی او

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکتری فلسفه، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز. ایران.

10.22034/jpiut.2020.41252.2651

چکیده

نگارنده، پیشگفتار فلسفه حق هگل را با توجه به سه شکافی که هگل در اندیشه و فرهنگ آلمانی یافته است به گونه‌ای بازسازی می‌کند که نه تنها دلیل نوشتن کتاب فلسفه حق روشن شود بلکه حتی ضرورت گسست از این شکاف‌ها توضیح داده شود. هگل نخست در ساحت فلسفه نظری و عملی با ایده‌آلیسم سوبژکتیو که صرفاً به تعینات سوژه معتقد است و جهان خارج را به عنوان امری ناشناختی رها می‌کند و به منطق درونی آن توجهی ندارد، مبارزه می‌کند و گسست سوژه و ابژه را رفع می‌کند. سپس در نسبتی اینهمان با فلسفه سوبژکتیو با جنبش‌های ملی‌گرای آلمانی که در پی مقاصد سودجویانه و خودسرانگی‌های احساسی خویش هستند، مقابله می‌کند و فهم «هست» یا امر بالفعل را به جای «باید»های خودسرانه فلسفه و اعتقادات سیاسی سوبژکتیو جایگزین می‌کند. در این راستا نه تنها با روش منطق خود، تضاد میان«سوژه/ابژه» و «هست/باید» را بر می‌دارد بلکه با برداشتن شکاف امر عقلانی و واقعیت خارجی به تعینات خارجی اعتبار تاریخ تحقق ایده‌ را می‌دهد؛ از این طریق او می‌تواند فهمی جدید از دولت ایجاد ‌کند که دربردارنده تمامی دیالکتیک‌های ذکر شده باشد و از این دولت در سرتاسر پیشگفتار در برابر اراده خودسرانه‌ای که ملی‌گرایی آلمانی و فلسفه سوبژکتیو به آن منجر می‌شوند، دفاع می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Interpretation of Hegel's Preface to the Book Philosophy of Right and Examination of the Basic Components of His Political Philosophy

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohsen Bagherzadeh meshkibaf
PhD of philosophy, University of Tabriz. Tabriz. Iran.
چکیده [English]

The author reconstructs the preface of Hegel's philosophy of law according to the three gaps that Hegel has found in German thought and culture in such a way that not only the reason for writing the book Philosophy of Truth is clarified, but even the necessity of breaking through these gaps is explained. In the field of theoretical and practical philosophy, Hegel first struggles with subjective idealism, which believes only in the determinations of the subject and leaves the external world as unknown and does not pay attention to its internal logic, and eliminates the disconnect between subject and object. In the same relation to subjective philosophy he then confronts German nationalist movements that pursue their own profit-seeking and emotional self-sufficiency, replacing the understanding of the "is" or the actual with the arbitrary "musts" of subjective political philosophy and beliefs. In this regard, not only by its method of logic, it removes the contradiction between "subject / object" and "is / must", but also, by removing the gap between the rational and the external reality, gives external validity to the external determinations of the realization of the idea; In this way he can create a new understanding of the state that encompasses all the dialectics mentioned, and defends this state throughout the preface against the arbitrary will that leads to German nationalism and subjective philosophy.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Hegel
  • Philosophy of right
  • Subjective
  • objective
  • logic
  • Nationalism
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