محمد بن زکریای رازی: فیلسوف دگراندیش یا طبیب فیلسوف‌نما

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد فلسفه اسلامی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه فلسفه اسلامی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه. ایران.

10.22034/jpiut.2021.41220.2648

چکیده

< p dir="RTL">محمد بن زکریای رازی یک از چالش برانگیز­ترین شخصیت‌ها در تاریخ علم در جهان اسلام است. صرف نظر از چالش در مورد آراء فلسفی، طبی یا دینی او،‌ یکی از چالش­ها­ی دامنه‌‌‌‌دار نسبت زکریا با اندیشه فلسفی و جایگاه و مقام او در فلسفه است.‌ از یک سو برخی مهمترین بعد شخصیت علمی رازی را بعد طبی‌ او می­دانند و تاملات رازی در فلسفه و الهیات را نوعی فضولی و خروج از‌ حد شخصیت علمی­اش قلمداد می­کنند و از سویی دیگر برخی ضمن اذعان به مقام بزرگ رازی در طب،‌ مهمترین وجه شخصیت علمی رازی را دیدگاه­های فلسفی- الهیاتی او می­دانند؛‌ به گونه­ای که او را در آزاداندیشی و عقل‌گرایی با دانشمندان عصر روشنگری مقایسه می­کنند و حتی او را یگانه فیلسوف در جهان اسلام می­دانند. مطالعه آثار به جای مانده از رازی نشان می­دهد که تفاوت رازی با سایر فلاسفه نه در فاصله داشتن او از اندیشه فلسفی بلکه در روش و آراء خلاف مشهور وی در مباحث فلسفی و الهیاتی است. شواهد و ادله کافی برای فیلسوف نامیدن محمد بن زکریای رازی وجود دارد که در متن مقاله سعی شده است این شواهد با تفصیل بررسی شوند.‌ از جمله:کثرت‌ و تنوع تالیفات رازی در فلسفه و الهیات،‌ نگاه انتقادی رازی به فلاسفه پیش از خود، گذر از مرحله شرح آراء دیگران و رسیدن به مقام نظریه‌پردازی، تصریح و تاکید مکرر رازی بر‌ اهمیت و ضرورت‌ فلسفه‌، پیگیری صادقانه و مجدانه پرسش­های بنیادی،‌ آزاداندیشی و خروج از سیطره مشهورات و‌.....

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi: Reformist philosopher or semi- philosopher physician

نویسندگان [English]

  • Soraya Soleimani 1
  • Abbas Ali Mansouri 2
1 M. A. of Islamic philosophy, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Islamic philosophy, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

< p >Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi is one of the most challenging Thinkers in the history of science in the Islamic world that the challenge to his character and views has continued since his life. Regardless of the challenge of his philosophical or medical views or lifestyle, one of these wide-ranging challenges is the discussion of Zakaria''s relationship with philosophical thought and his place and position in philosophy. On the one hand, some consider the most important aspect of Razi''s scientific personality to be his medical dimension, and consider Razi''s thoughts on philosophy and theology as an exaggeration of his scientific personality and On the other hand some, while accepting his position in medicine , consider the most important aspect of Razi''s scientific personality to be his philosophical-theological views In such a way that he is compared to the scientists of the Enlightenment in free thought and rationalism, and he is even considered the only philosopher in the Islamic world. Now that the passage of time has made it easier to make biased judgments, the study of Razi''s surviving works shows that there is enough evidence (including: Razi''s self-defense, the multiplicity of philosophical writings, the presentation of novel ideas, etc.) To call the Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi as a philosopher and his difference with other philosophers is not in his distance from philosophical thought, but in his method and dissenting views on philosophical and theological issues.
< p >
Now that the passage of time has made it easier to make biased judgments, the study of Razi''s surviving works shows that there is enough evidence (including: Razi''s self-defense, the multiplicity of philosophical writings, the presentation of novel ideas, etc.)to call the Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi as a philosopher And his difference with other philosophers is not in his distance from philosophical thought, but in his method and dissenting views on philosophical and theological issues

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • philosopher
  • philosophy
  • Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi
  • Al-Sira Al- falsafiah
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