عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Heidegger’s interpretation of Plato related to turning (Kehre) period of his thought. In the Platons Lehre Von der Wahrheit (which pertains to this period), by interpreting Plato’s Allegory of Cave and through deconstruction of Plato’s metaphysical tradition, he proceeds to present his own view of truth. While in Being and Time (Which pertains to first period of his thought) he had asserted that Correspondence and Openness as two senses of truth are alongside and in a sense the first is the condition of the realization of the latter, in the Platons Lehre Von der Wahrheit he has contrasted them and given value to Openness instead of Correspondence. Heidegger believes that although Pre-Socratic philosophers have been taking Being as Aletheia, it was Plato’s Allegory of the Cave that has opened the way to change the essence of truth and replaced truth as openness by truth as correspondence. Hence, taking Plato’s movement as the beginning of metaphysics and also by deconstructive interpretation of Plato’s Allegory of Cave, he proceeds to interpret the history of metaphysics. Therefore, the problem, on Heidegger’s view, is that history of metaphysics (even humanism and contemporary philosophies) was in the service of Plato’s movement. In conclusion, our main task, here, is to contemplate on beginning and understand Pre-Socratic philosopher’s view of Being.