عنوان مقاله [English]
In this article, after explaining the content of the theory of evolution from Darwin to the formation of modern synthesis or neo-Darwinism, its philosophical-theological implications are discussed. In particular, the neo-Darwinian reading of evolution is a platform for many neo-Darwinists to advance the idea of naturalism, but a key point in the neo-Darwinist defence of naturalism is their emphasis on following empirical evidence to shape their ontology and worldview. The second approach to evolution, intelligent design, is explained below. Although they are generally introduced as opposed to evolution in the sense of a common ancestor, the central idea of this movement is the need for design in the process of evolution, and they don't necessarily deny the evolution from a common ancestor. But the dominant neo-Darwinism believes that intelligent design violates the scientific method and puts supernatural factors such as God in the context of science, considers it unscientific, and believes in removing it from the scientific community. But another important approach to evolution is the third stream, which is explained later in the article. This is opposed to intelligent design, but it has important criticisms of the neo-Darwinist reading of evolution based on new biological evidence. Nevertheless, neo-Darwinism, however, seems to be at odds with empirical evidence because of its a priori commitment to naturalism.