The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

استاد گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

10.22034/jpiut.2021.48355.3008

چکیده

The purpose of this article is to examine the close connection between the science of psychology, especially Gestalt psychology, and phenomenology in the thinking of twentieth-century French philosopher and phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty. This philosopher established his own philosophy under the influence of significant advances in psychology on the one hand, and also under the influence of Husserl's phenomenology. Understanding the philosophy of this philosopher without understanding the close relationship between psychology and phenomenology, especially in the matter of the living body, will lead to a lot of misunderstanding in reading his views. In this article, we tried to show this close relationship in the thought of this thinker. We know, of course, that he criticized Husserl's phenomenology and Gestalt psychology, and argued that psychology fails to understand the nature of the human mind.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychology and Phenomenology in Merleau-Ponty

نویسنده [English]

  • Jalil Babapour

Professor of Psychology Department, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this article is to examine the close connection between the science of psychology, especially Gestalt psychology, and phenomenology in the thinking of twentieth-century French philosopher and phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty. This philosopher established his own philosophy under the influence of significant advances in psychology on the one hand, and also under the influence of Husserl's phenomenology. Understanding the philosophy of this philosopher without understanding the close relationship between psychology and phenomenology, especially in the matter of the living body, will lead to a lot of misunderstanding in reading his views. In this article, we tried to show this close relationship in the thought of this thinker. We know, of course, that he criticized Husserl's phenomenology and Gestalt psychology, and argued that psychology fails to understand the nature of the human mind.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychology
  • Phenomenology
  • exprience
  • Gestalt and Merleau-Ponty
  • Welsh, Talia (2013) the Child as Natural Phenomenologist: Primal and Primary Experience in Merleau-Ponty's Psychology, Northwestern University Press
  • Matthews, Eric (2010) Merleau-Ponty: a guide for the perplexed, CONTINUUM International Publishing Group
  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice (2005) Phenomenology of Perception, trans. Smith, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1962.
  • Luft, Sebastian & Overgaard, Soren (2013) the Routledge Companion to Phenomenology, Routledge
  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (2010) Child psychology and pedagogy: the Sorbonne lectures 1949-1952, translated from die French by Talia Welsh. Northwestern University Press
  • Matthews, Eric (2010)The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty, Routledge
  • Priest, S. (1998), Merleau-Ponty, London: Routledg.
  • Carman, Taylor (2008) Merleau-Ponty, Madison Ave, New York, Routledge
  • Leonard Lawlor and Ted Toadvine (edi)(2007) The Merleau-Ponty Reader, Northwestern university studies in phenomenology and existential philosophy
  • Primozic (2001)On Merleau-Ponty, Wadsworth/Thomson Learning,
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