The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations
سخن سردبیر
Editor’s Note
1. Editor’s Note

مهدی گلشنی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 1-3

چکیده
      Before the advent of modern science philosophy contained all sciences. The part related to natural and mathematical sciences was called natural philosophy. Another part was metaphysics which death with the most fundamental concepts of existence, like matter, space, time, causality, etc.     A century after the advent of ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Scientistic Philosophy, No; Scientific Philosophy, Yes
2. Scientistic Philosophy, No; Scientific Philosophy, Yes

سوزان هاک

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 4-35

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.13834

چکیده
  If successful scientific inquiry is to be possible, there must be a world that is independent of how we believe it to be, and in which there are kinds and laws; and we must have the sensory apparatus to perceive particular things and events, and the capacity to represent them, to form generalized explanatory conjectures, and check how these conjectures stand ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Philosophy, Science, Capitalism and Truth
3. Philosophy, Science, Capitalism and Truth

اسلاوی ژیژک

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 36-52

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.13837

چکیده
  Fascinated by the recent scientific progress, even some philosophers today claim that philosophy is dead and that natural sciences (quantum cosmology, cognitive sciences) can answer questions which were once considered a domain of metaphysics: is our universe finite? Do we have free will? etc. The essay tries to problematize this claims by raising a series of ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
How to Complete Quantum Mechanics, or, What It’s Like to Be a Naturally Creative Bohmian Beable
4. How to Complete Quantum Mechanics, or, What It’s Like to Be a Naturally Creative Bohmian Beable

رابرت هانا

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 53-71

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.13839

چکیده
  In another essay, I’ve argued by means of a formal analogy between (i) the incompleteness of Principia Mathematica-style systems of mathematical logic (logico-mathematical incompleteness) and (ii) the incompleteness of the Standard Models in contemporary physics (physico-mechanical incompleteness), that (iii) just as the fact of logico-mathematical incompleteness ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Interaction of Science and Philosophy in the Present Age Two Dutch Philosophers: Herman Philipse and Hans Achterhuis
5. The Interaction of Science and Philosophy in the Present Age Two Dutch Philosophers: Herman Philipse and Hans Achterhuis

هانس داسن

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 72-82

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.13840

چکیده
  Herman Philipse considers “religious beliefs, faith and religion [to be] incompatible with science or reason”; he defines religion scientifically and specifically rejects religious doctrine. He describes reason “… as the whole of methods of empirical scientific research and critical discursive thinking as they have evolved in the scientific ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
From Physics to Metaphysics: Islamic Perspective and Contemporary Outlook
6. From Physics to Metaphysics: Islamic Perspective and Contemporary Outlook

مهدی گلشنی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 83-91

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46921.2899

چکیده
  Before the advent of Modern Science, philosophy ruled over sciences. But, after the emergence of modern science, with the appearance of philosophers like Locke and Hume, empiricism which relied only on sense data became prevalent in most scientific circles. This was fortified by the advent of positivism of Aguste Comte which gave value only to the knowledge obtained ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Philosophical Reflections on New Foundations of Mental Health: The Personality Modulation Clinic
7. Philosophical Reflections on New Foundations of Mental Health: The Personality Modulation Clinic

علیرضا فرنام؛ معصومه زمانلو؛ بهاره دلجو؛ آرش محققی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 92-103

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48474.3017

چکیده
  To date, of essential goals in psychiatry and establishment of future medical centers is creating therapeutic environments with the aim of improving clinical outcomes, preventing the progression of personality difficulties to serious psychiatric disorders, increasing self-satisfaction in society, facilitating personal growth and actualization, as well as reducing ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Philosophy of Science Meets the Scientific Research: Metatheorizing expertise theories in Cognitive Psychology
8. Philosophy of Science Meets the Scientific Research: Metatheorizing expertise theories in Cognitive Psychology

علیرضا منجمی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 104-114

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48331.3006

چکیده
  An obvious feature of the development of the philosophy of science during the past decades is an increasing specialization and fragmentation that have led to reduced impact of philosophy of science outside the sphere of its own discipline. It seems that philosophy of science and scientific research are moving away from each other. The major question of this article ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
A Study on Philosophical Intuition and Thought Experiment: Kripke's Critical encounter with Reductive Physicalism
9. A Study on Philosophical Intuition and Thought Experiment: Kripke's Critical encounter with Reductive Physicalism

علی سنایی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 115-131

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48019.2985

چکیده
  In philosophy, many reflections and categories were the result of intuition and thought experiments. Intuition is defined as direct, immediate, and non-inferential knowledge accompanied by a sense of certainty. The thought experiment has always been a source of new insights by imagining possible situations to demarcate concepts and revise common philosophical ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Coronavirus Crisis and Philosophizing
10. Coronavirus Crisis and Philosophizing

حمیدرضا آیت اللهی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 132-141

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46876.2893

چکیده
  The mind prepares for questioning during fundamental transformation in the course of human life. The Coronavirus Crisis brought about a fundamental change in human life that had not happened in the world for decades. In order to deal philosophically with this crisis, new questions must be hunted down. In this paper, I enumerate some of these challenges. Some ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Psychology and Phenomenology in Merleau-Ponty
11. Psychology and Phenomenology in Merleau-Ponty

جلیل باباپور

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 142-150

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48355.3008

چکیده
  The purpose of this article is to examine the close connection between the science of psychology, especially Gestalt psychology, and phenomenology in the thinking of twentieth-century French philosopher and phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty. This philosopher established his own philosophy under the influence of significant advances in psychology on the one ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Foundations of Quantum Approaches to Consciousness
12. Foundations of Quantum Approaches to Consciousness

حمید فغانپور عزیزی؛ مهدی گلشنی؛ کوروش نوذری

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 151-170

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48108.2991

چکیده
  As generally accepted, consciousness or mind and material brain are closely related to each other; but how? Quantum mechanics is a new pathway to understand the hard problem of consciousness and its relation to the brain. Consciousness has specific properties such as unity, irreducibility, non-locality, etc. The completely different features of classical physics ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
German Idealism and the Origins of Pure Mathematics: Riemann, Dedekind, Cantor
13. German Idealism and the Origins of Pure Mathematics: Riemann, Dedekind, Cantor

احسان کریمی ترشیزی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 171-188

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47964.2971

چکیده
  When it comes to the relation of modern mathematics and philosophy, most people tend to think of the three major schools of thought—i.e. logicism, formalism, and intuitionism—that emerged as profound researches on the foundations and nature of mathematics in the beginning of the 20th century and have shaped the dominant discourse of an autonomous ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
When aesthetics does not lead to an act of environmental conservation
14. When aesthetics does not lead to an act of environmental conservation

آتوسا افشاری؛ مهدی بهنیافر

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 189-198

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.41585.2662

چکیده
  This paper examines the relationship between the environmental aesthetics approach backed by knowledge (ecological aesthetics) and the possibility of doing an action in favor of environmental conservation. It seems that even having such an approach towards the environment fails to sufficiently motivate people to protect the environment and nature, since there ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Realist Fiction as the Rightful Genre of our Time: Realist Fiction after the Postpositivist Intervention
15. Realist Fiction as the Rightful Genre of our Time: Realist Fiction after the Postpositivist Intervention

فیروزه عامری

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 199-212

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.36379.2435

چکیده
  Realist fiction, which had a pivotal place in 19th. Century literature, has lost its central position in the contemporary literary scene as modernism, postmodernism and poststructuralism have raised some serious challenges against it, advocating experimentalism in fiction, instead. Still, in our age, when globalization and capitalism breed different forms of ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Metaphysical Foundation of African Epistemology: A Study of the Afemai-Etsako of Edo State in Southern Nigeria
16. Metaphysical Foundation of African Epistemology: A Study of the Afemai-Etsako of Edo State in Southern Nigeria

امانوئل آسیا؛ آنتونی آسئخااونو

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 213-227

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46154.2832

چکیده
  Truth and knowledge are essentially the dictates of some rationality or metaphysical ordainment. By sense experience man is capable of accounting for his past, contemplate his life and predict his future and all of reality, for traditional Africa, however (as is the case with most native societies), there is another mode of knowing beyond man’s immediate ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Rise of the
17. The Rise of the "Other" and the Fall of the "Self"

محمد اصغری؛ بیان کریمی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 228-244

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46252.2844

چکیده
  Since time immemorial, due to its metaphysically grounded perspective, western philosophy has not been able to detach itself from the egoistic outlook, and thus, the interaction with the "other” had no role in this philosophy. The world has always been interpreted from the perspective of "self" ignoring the "other". Reviewing this mode of thought from Ancient ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Relationship between Psychology and Phenomenology: an analysis based on Husserl’s views
18. The Relationship between Psychology and Phenomenology: an analysis based on Husserl’s views

مریم بختیاریان؛ فاطمه بنویدی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 245-258

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48054.2982

چکیده
  The relationship between an independent scientific discipline called psychology with phenomenology that presents the methodology and method together is an excuse for investigating the relationship between Husserl and Brentano’s thoughts. Although their relationship is come from different sources, according to Husserl’s main problem, end, and concern ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Seven Earths and Seven Heavens in the Light of Jung, Maslow and Hindu Psychology
19. The Seven Earths and Seven Heavens in the Light of Jung, Maslow and Hindu Psychology

بهارات جونجونوالا

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 259-269

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.45484.2793

چکیده
  The Holy Quran tells of Allah creating seven heavens and seven earths. These have been traditionally identified cosmologically with seven stars etc. or geographically with seven lands. We provide an alternative interpretation that these refer to seven centers in the spinal cord. Each center has a physical location and a psychic quality. Abraham Maslow has suggested ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Redefining Cartesian Reductionism in Biological Issues with Big Data, such as COVID-19 Worldwide Pandemic, Using Formalism based on the Intermediate Attitude of Rationalism and Empiricism
20. Redefining Cartesian Reductionism in Biological Issues with Big Data, such as COVID-19 Worldwide Pandemic, Using Formalism based on the Intermediate Attitude of Rationalism and Empiricism

محمد بوداغی؛ فرناز ماهان؛ آیاز عیسی‌زاده

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 270-286

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47423.2935

چکیده
  Reduction is a concept first introduced by Descartes in explaining his view of the rationalization of philosophy through mathematics. He seeks to consider length, breadth, and depth for phenomena so that reducing the phenomenon to his own analytical geometric apparatus; thus shrinking the whole world into a small machine. In the present study, the authors took ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Aristotle on Ontological Pluralism
21. Aristotle on Ontological Pluralism

محمدحسین اسفندیاری؛ مرتضی حاج حسینی؛ سید محمد علی حجتی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 287-306

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.41741.2666

چکیده
  Aristotle has repeatedly stated in his works that 'being has several senses'. Is this to be regarded as his pluralistic ontology, an approach that seems to be too nascent? If so, how can this newfound approach in ontology be linked to the ideas of the father of this science, i.e. Aristotle? These are the questions that the present article seeks to answer. First, ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Explanation of Stephen Hawking’s fallacy of the Big Bang Theory and denial of the existence of God
22. Explanation of Stephen Hawking’s fallacy of the Big Bang Theory and denial of the existence of God

میکاییل جمال پور؛ میرمهدی بهبودی تولون

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 307-318

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47386.2933

چکیده
  Hawking emphasizes the big bang theory as a practical theory, thus answering the question of how the universe began. It has been emphasized by Stephan Hawking. He, according to this ideology has had various outcomes related to the concept of God and the beginning of existence. He believes that all of Universal Existence is comprised of Material, Energy, and Laws ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Power of Music for Farabi: A Case Study as to Gender
23. The Power of Music for Farabi: A Case Study as to Gender

نادیا مفتونی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 319-327

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46639.2876

چکیده
  Abu Nasr Farabi focuses on influence of the music on emotions and emotional problems including extreme emotions and moods. But how effective is music in changing a specific emotional issue? This essay reports what is probably the first scientific study of the effect of music on a precise extreme mood. Using a randomized experiment, we measure how a music affects ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Philosophical and Epistemological Foundations of Contextualism in Postmodern Urban design and architecture
24. Philosophical and Epistemological Foundations of Contextualism in Postmodern Urban design and architecture

حسین سعدلونیا؛ محمد حسن یزدانی؛ قاسم زارعی؛ رحیم حیدری چیانه

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 328-343

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2020.42156.2681

چکیده
  In this essay I present a new and empirically-testable strategy for completing quantum mechanics. In recent decades, urban design and architecture disciplines witnessed plenty of theories and school development. Primarily, those disciplines are inspired by philosophical perspectives. Thus, it is required to have a good deal of perception on the philosophical ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Position of Sense in Ibn Sina's Epistemology (The Empiricism of Avicenna)
25. The Position of Sense in Ibn Sina's Epistemology (The Empiricism of Avicenna)

مصطفی مومنی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 344-356

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2020.41079.2639

چکیده
  Philosophers consider sense as a means for true cognition. In spite of the fact that Islamic philosophy are generally regarded as rational philosophy, it does not mean that they do not assume epistemological value for sense. To some of them, including Ibn Sina, sense is extremely important. In the present article, I argue that the role of sense in Ibn Sina's ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Foucauldian Panopticism in Donald Barthelme’s “Subpoena”
26. Foucauldian Panopticism in Donald Barthelme’s “Subpoena”

فاطمه مظفری؛ اکرم پورعلی فرد

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 357-368

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47286.2921

چکیده
  Some of Donald Barthelme’s works have been undeniably influenced by Michel Foucault’s socio-political philosophy, however, few scholars have explored such concepts in his works, especially the theme of “panopticism.” The purpose of this article, which is library based, is to analyze and scrutinize the panoptic society of Barthelme’s ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Hegel's Absolute as Negativity
27. Hegel's Absolute as Negativity

مزدک رجبی

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 369-383

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46312.2850

چکیده
  The relation of the many and the one, difference and identity, multiplicity and unity, particularity and universality, and finally that of negativity and negativity of negativity through reason and history is the core of Hegelian Absolute which is still an inevitable philosophical source to deal with most of the contemporary ontological problems. The article’s ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Khaqani’s Late Style: The Mada’in Qasida
28. Khaqani’s Late Style: The Mada’in Qasida

ربکا روث گولد

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 384-399

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.13845

چکیده
  This article discusses Khaqani Shirvani’s poem Aivan-i Mada’in (The Mada’in Qasida), from the vantage points of literary history and the theory of ruins. The Mada’in Qasida is a product of Khaqani’s “late style” in multiple senses, including the meaning that Edward Said attached to the term when discussing Adorno and ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Tracing the Black Sun in the Derridean Khôral Mise en Abyme: elliptical reflections on the “word-space-flesh”
29. Tracing the Black Sun in the Derridean Khôral Mise en Abyme: elliptical reflections on the “word-space-flesh”

بهاره سعیدزاده؛ امیر نصری

دوره 15، شماره 36 ، پاییز 1400، صفحه 400-416

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2019.29527.2117

چکیده
  This paper reflects the inversion between the discourse on the Good and that on the khôra in view of the deconstructionist paradigm of the khôral mise en abyme as portrayed by Jacques Derrida and later elaborated on by John D. Caputo. Iddo Dickmann, further describing this paradigm as “lacunal”, schematically illustrates how it can create ...  بیشتر