Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تبریز، ایران.

2 مربی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

10.22034/jpiut.2022.49707.3097

چکیده

کیفیت علم پیشین خداوند و چگونگی وقوع تغییر و تبدیل در آن از دیدگاه ملاصدرا، شعرانی و عصار موضوع نوشتار حاضر است. در این پژوهش که به روش توصیفی، تحلیلی و تطبیقی نگاشته شده است، ابتدا دیدگاه ملاصدرا درباره کیفیت علم خداوند به مخلوقات، پیش از خلقت آنها و انتقادات وارد شده بر دیدگاه او، پس از آن رویکرد ابوالحسن شعرانی و کاستی‌های دیدگاه او و سپس دیدگاه سید محمدکاظم عصار در این باره بررسی و تحلیل شده است. آنچه پژوهش پیش رو به آن رسیده، این است که هرچند ملاصدرا درباره کیفیت علم پیشین الهی، دیدگاه بدیعی ارائه داده است؛ اما دیدگاه وی دچار کاستی‌هایی می‌باشد. شعرانی نیز هرچند درصدد جبران این کاستی‌ها بوده، اما نتوانسته آن‌ها را جبران کند و خود، دچار کاستی‌های دیگر شده است؛ اما سید محمد کاظم عصار توانسته با رویکرد عرفانی خود، کیفیت علم پیشین الهی و چگونگی وقوع تغییر و تبدیل در آن را بدون دچار شدن به کاستی‌های مذکور تحلیل نماید..

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of the Quality of Previous Divine Knowledge and Possibility of Renovation in the Thought of Mulla Sadra, Abolhassan Sha'rani and Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Assar

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jalil Jalili 1
  • Taher Karimzadeh 2

1 Assistant Professor, Farhangian University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Lecturer, Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan, Tabriz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

In this article, we argue that Muslim scholars have divided divine knowledge into three categories including substantial knowledge, knowledge of the creatures before creation, and knowledge of creatures and objects after creation. In fact, there is disagreement among the Islamic thinkers over the divine knowledge, its quality, and features. The point of controversy revolves around the wide disagreements over the divine knowledge of the creatures and objects both before and after creation. Therefore, divine knowledge over creatures before and after creation has always been the point of ongoing and challenging rational and dialectical discussion and debate. We examine this issue comparatively between the three Islamic thinkers (Mulla Sadra, Shaarani and Assar).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The Transcendent Wisdom
  • Prior Divine Knowledge
  • Possibility of Becoming
  • Renovation
  • Mulla Sadra
  • The Holy Quran
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