Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی


1 کارشناس ارشد فلسفه دین، دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد گروه فلسفه، دانشگاه تهران


استیفن استیچ، یکی از نامدارترین روانشناسان و فیلسوفان حوزه‌های اخلاق و ذهن است. وی با بهره‌گیری و تلفیق سنت‌های روانشناسانه و فلسفی در حوزه‌های مذکور به مرجع بسیاری از پژوهش‌های معاصر در روانشناسیِ اخلاق و فلسفة ذهن بدل گشته است. پژوهش حاضر با ادعای اینکه نفس‌شناسی، جهان شناسی و خداشناسیِ فیلسوفان، سامان نظریة اخلاق آنان را برخواهد ساخت، به تاثیر نظریة نفس استیچ در نظرگاه اخلاقیِ وی خواهد پرداخت. براین اساس، نخست به تحلیل فرااخلاقِ نظریة اخلاق وی در دو ساحت معرفت‌شناسی و وجودشناسی پرداخته و سپس با ارزیابیِ نفس‌شناسیِ وی، در صدد یافتن نسبت‌های مابعدالطبیعی میان نفس‌شناسی و نظریة اخلاقِ وی برخواهیم آمد. در پایان با اشاره به اینکه تلقیِ غیردوگانه‌انگار و شناختیِ استیچ در نفس‌شناسی، چگونه ساحت‌های یادشده را متاثر نموده، به نگرش وی مبنی بر گذار از روانشناسیِ متعارف اخلاق به روانشناسیِ شناختی و رهیافت‌های آزمایشگاهیِ وی در سامانِ نظریة اخلاق خواهیم پرداخت.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Ethics and Mind Theory in Stich's Philosophy; Moral Psychology and Cognitive Sciences United

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hadi Fazeli 1
  • Ahad Faramarz Gharamaleki 2

1 M.A. in Philosophy of Religion, University of Tehran

2 Professor of Philosophy, University of Tehran

چکیده [English]

Stephen stich is one of the most outstanding psychologist and philosophers in the both ethics and mind fields. He merged psychological and philosophical traditions into one and also became the source of so much studies in moral psychology and philosophy of mind. This article claimed that theory of mind, theory of world and theology of every philosopher will construct their moral theory. By such a treatment, we will first analyze the meta-ethics of stich’s theory in both ontological and epistemological aspects and then we will find the metaphysical connections between his mind theory and ethics. At the end we will mention how such a cognitive and non-dualistic approach can shape those aspects and give stich a permission to overcome folk psychology and find his way into cognitive psychology and experimental approaches in constructing his ethical theory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stich's ethical theory
  • Stich's Thoery of Mind
  • Monist Theory of Mind
  • Moral Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Mind
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