The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فلسفه دانشگاه پیام نور

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه هنر و معماری، دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

مطابق معرفت­شناسی اصلاح شده آلوین پلانتینگا، باورهای دینی همچون باورهای ادراکی، پایه هستند و از این رو نیازی به توجیه بیشتر ندارند. اما همانگونه که بارها گفته شده است این عقیده به نسبی­گرایی منتهی می­شود. ما در این مقاله ابتدا استدلال می­کنیم که نه فقط بعد نسبی­گرایانه آن نظریه به افراط­گرایی دینی منجر می­شود، بلکه می­توان از آن برای توجیه افراط­گرایی نیز استفاده کرد. سپس با ذکر چند گواهی تاریخی نشان می­دهیم که در اصل افراط­گرایان قرن­ها برای توجیه عقاید خود از عقیده­ای شبیه عقیدة پلانتینگا بهره برده­اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Plantinga’s Reformed Epistemology and Religious Extremism: Some Historical Evidences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jalal Peykani 1
  • Meysam Sadeghpour 2

1 Assosiate Professor in philosophy, Payam-e Nour University

2 Instructor of Art & Architecture, Payam-e Nour University

چکیده [English]

 
According to Plantinga’s reformed epistemology, as perceptual beliefs, religious beliefs are properly basic, and therefore need no additional justification. But as it has been said frequently, this idea may lead to relativism. In this paper, first, we argue that not only its relativistic aspect allows for religious extremism, but also it could be used to justify that kind of extremism. Then, reciting some historical testimonies, including John Calvin, Khawarij, Ibn Taymiyye and Seyyed Qutb, we suggest that in principle, for many centuries extremists have derived a benefit from an idea similar to reformed epistemology to justify committing violence and other unacceptable behaviors.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Alvin Plantinga
  • reformed epistemology
  • religious extremism
  • relativism
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Websites
Qutb, In the shade of the Quran, http://www.kalamullah.com/shade-of-the-quran.html
Great Islamic encyclopedia, http://www.cgie.org.ir
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