The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

استاد فلسفه دانشگاه سیاتل، آمریکا

چکیده

این مقاله در پی ارائه تحلیل انتقادی گفته­های هایدگر در «نامه­ای در باب اومانیسم» است که در آن اخلاق را به ethos (روح ملی) و در نهایت به زمان و تاریخ ربط می­دهد. مطلب اصلی در این تحلیل عبارت هراکلیتوس یعنی ēthos anthrōpōi daimōn است که هایدگر با تکیه بر آن ادعا می­کند که زندگی بشر (ethos) از رویداد appropriation (Ereignis) که تقدیر تاریخی ما را رقم می­زند جدایی­ناپذیر است. با تحلیل بیشتر از طریق استناد به کار ژان لوک نانسی و جورجیو آگامبن  نشان داده شده که چگونه عبارت هراکلیتوس را می­توان طور دیگر تفسیر کرد و بدین ترتیب برای ما تصوری از تقدیر بشر حاصل می­شود که توصیف کنندۀ ادعای هایدگر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Ethics (Ethos) of History

نویسنده [English]

  • James Risser

Professor of philosophy, Seattle University, ?USA

چکیده [English]

This paper provides a critical analysis of Heidegger’s brief remarks in his “Letter on Humanism” in which he links ethics to ethos and ultimately to our relation to time and history. Central to this analysis is the phrase of Heraclitus, ēthos anthrōpōi daimōn, from which Heidegger claims that human living (ethos) is inseparable from the event of appropriation (Ereignis) which generates our historical destiny. Through further analysis that draws from the work of Jean-Luc Nancy and Giorgio Agamben, it is shown just how Heraclitus’s phrase can be interpreted differently and thus presents us with an idea of human destiny that serves to qualify Heidegger’s claim.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Heidegger
  • Nancy
  • Agamben
  • Ethos
  • finite history
  • destiny
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