Five Answers on Pragmatism

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

استاد حقوق و فلسفه دانشگاه میامی آمریکا

چکیده

Prof. Haack answers a series of questions on pragmatism, beginning with the origins of this tradition in the work of Peirce and James, its evolution in the work of Dewey and Mead, and its influence beyond the United States in, for example, the Italian pragmatists and the radical British pragmatist F. C. S. Schiller. Classical pragmatism, she observes, is a rich and varied tradition from which there is still much to be learned—as the many ways her own work in logic, epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of law has been informed by the old pragmatists testify. Of late, however, this tradition has been misunderstood, impoverished, and vulgarized by self-styled neo-pragmatists; here, Haack turns her attention specifically to the conception of pragmatism as essentially a political philosophy, and the near-vacuous equation of pragmatism with “problem-solving.”

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Five Answers on Pragmatism

نویسنده [English]

  • Susan Hacck
Professor of Law & Philosophy- University of Miami-USA
چکیده [English]

Prof. Haack answers a series of questions on pragmatism, beginning with the origins of this tradition in the work of Peirce and James, its evolution in the work of Dewey and Mead, and its influence beyond the United States in, for example, the Italian pragmatists and the radical British pragmatist F. C. S. Schiller. Classical pragmatism, she observes, is a rich and varied tradition from which there is still much to be learned—as the many ways her own work in logic, epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of law has been informed by the old pragmatists testify. Of late, however, this tradition has been misunderstood, impoverished, and vulgarized by self-styled neo-pragmatists; here, Haack turns her attention specifically to the conception of pragmatism as essentially a political philosophy, and the near-vacuous equation of pragmatism with “problem-solving.”

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pragmatism
  • C. S. Peirce
  • William James
  • John Dewey
  • Richard Rorty
  • truth
  • politics
-         Brandom, Robert (2008). Between Saying and Doing: Towards an Analytic Pragmatism (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
-         Dewey, John (1919). “Philosophy and Democracy,” University Chronicle (University of California), 21.191: 39-54; in Haack (2006), 363-78.
-         Dewey, John (1929). “The Construction of Good,” in the Quest for Certainty (New York: Minton Balch), 254-86; in Haack (2006), 395-422.
-         Dewey, John (1931).  “Justice Holmes and the Liberal Mind,” in Felix Frankfurter, ed., Mr. Justice Holmes (New York: Coward McCann), 33-45.
-         Egan, Susan Chan and Chou, Chih-p’ing, eds. (2009). A Pragmatist and His Free Spirit (Hong Kong: Chinese University Press).
-         Haack, Susan (1974). Deviant Logic (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2nd, expanded ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996).
-         Haack, Susan (1993). Evidence and Inquiry: Towards Reconstruction in Epistemology (Oxford: Blackwell; 2nd, expanded ed., Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2009).
-         Haack, Susan (1998). Manifesto of a Passionate Moderate: Unfashionable Essays (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
-         Haack, Susan (2003). Defending Science – Within Reason: Between Scientism and Cynicism (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books).
-         Haack, Susan (2004). “Epistemology Legalized; Or, Truth, Justice, and the American Way,” American Journal of Jurisprudence, 49: 43-61.
-         Haack, Susan (2005). “On Legal Pragmatism: Where Does ‘The Path of the Law’ Lead Us?”, American Journal of Jurisprudence, 50: 71-105.
-         Haack, Susan ed. (2006). Pragmatism, Old and New (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books).
-         Haack, Susan (2007). “On Logic in the Law” Something, but not All,” Ratio Juris, 21: 1-37.
-         Haack, Susan (2008a). Putting Philosophy to Work: Inquiry and Its Place in Culture (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books; second, expanded edition 2013).
-         Haack, Susan (2008b). “The Pluralistic Universe of Law: Towards a Neo-Classical Legal Pragmatism,” Ratio Juris, 21: 453-80.
-         Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1896). “The Path of the Law,” Harvard Law Review, 10: 457-78; reprinted in Sheldon M. Novick, ed., The Collected Works of Oliver Wendell Holmes (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1995), vol. 3, 391-406.
-         Hook, Sidney, (1956). “Naturalism and First Principles,” in Hook, ed., American Philosophers at Work (New York: Criterion Books), 236-58; reprinted in Haack (2006), 529-557.
-         James, William (1891). “The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life,” International Journal of Ethics, 1: 330-54; reprinted in the Burkhardt and Bowers edition of James (1896), 141-62, and in Haack (2006), 247-272. 
-         James, William (1896). “The Will to Believe,” New World, 5: 327-47; in The Will to Believe and Other Essays; eds. Frederick Burkhardt and Fredson Bowers (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979), 13-33; reprinted in Haack (2006), 221-46.
-         James, William (1898). “Philosophical Conceptions and Practical Results,” University Chronicle (University of California, Berkeley), 1: 287-310; reprinted in James (1907a), 255-70.
-         James, William (1907a). Pragmatism, eds. Frederick Burkhardt and Fredson Bowers (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1975).
-         James, William (1907b). “An Interview: Pragmatism – What It Is,” New York Times, November 3rd; reprinted in Thayer, H. S., ed., Pragmatism: The Classic Writings (New York: Mentor, 1970, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1982), 130-34.
-         Peirce, Charles Sanders (CP). Collected Papers, eds. Hartshorne, Charles, Paul Weiss and (volumes 7 and 8) Arthur Burks (Harvard University Press, 1931-58). References in the text are by volume and paragraph number, with the original dates.
-         Peirce, Charles Sanders (1899). Review of John Fiske, Through Nature to God, reprinted in Charles Sanders Peirce: Contributions to the Nation, eds.  Kenneth Lane Ketner and James Edward Cook (Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech Press, 1975-79), 2.210-211.
-         Quine, W. V. (1951). “Two Dogmas of Empiricism,” Philosophical Review, 60: 20-43; reprinted in Quine, From a Logical Point of View (Cambridge: Harvard University Press; revised ed., New York: Harper Torchbooks 1961), 20-46.
-         Quine, W. V. (1960). Word and Object (New York: Wiley).
-         Quine, W. V., (1969). “Epistemology Naturalized,” in Quine, Ontological Relativity and Other Essays (New York: Columbia University Press), 69-90.
-         Rorty, Richard (1992). “Trotsky and the Wild Orchids,Common Knowledge, 1.3: 140-53.
-         Ratner, Sidney and Jules Altman, eds. (1964). John Dewey and Arthur Bentley: A Philosophical Correspondence 1932-1951 (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press).
-         Russell, Bertrand (1946). History of Western Philosophy (2nd ed., London: Allen and Unwin, 1961).
-         Santayana, George (1910). The Life of Reason (2nd ed., Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1922)
-        White, Morton G. (1950). “The Analytic and the Synthetic: An Untenable Dualism,” in Sidney Hook, ed., John Dewey: Philosopher of Science and Freedom (New York: Dial Press), 316-30; reprinted in Haack (2006), 559-74.
CAPTCHA Image