Journal of Philosophical Investigations
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Five Answers on Pragmatism
Five Answers on Pragmatism

سوزان هاک

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 1-14

چکیده
  Prof. Haack answers a series of questions on pragmatism, beginning with the origins of this tradition in the work of Peirce and James, its evolution in the work of Dewey and Mead, and its influence beyond the United States in, for example, the Italian pragmatists and the radical British pragmatist F. C. S. Schiller. Classical pragmatism, she observes, is a rich ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Language without communication intention
Language without communication intention

گالن استراوسن

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 15-54

چکیده
  This paper argues that a language can exist and flourish in a community even if none of of the members of the community has any communication intentions; and that reference to the notion of communication intention can therefore be dispensed with in the core account of the nature oflinguistic meaning. Certainly one cannot elucidate the notion of linguistic meaning ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
How to Escape Irrelevance: Performance Philosophy, Public Philosophy and Borderless Philosophy
How to Escape Irrelevance: Performance Philosophy, Public Philosophy and Borderless Philosophy

رابرت هانا

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 55-82

چکیده
   Carlo Cellucci has rightly pointed out that contemporary professional academic philosophy has a serious problem of irrelevance. Performance philosophy and public philosophy are two recent attempts to solve that problem and radically transform professional academic philosophy into what I call real philosophy. Nevertheless, performance philosophy and public ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Religion and Spirituality: Adam Smith versus J-J Rousseau
Religion and Spirituality: Adam Smith versus J-J Rousseau

گوردن گراهام

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 83-93

چکیده
  Adam Smith and J-J Rousseau share some common ground when it comes to religion, namely that they were born into  and educated in cultural contexts deeply shaped by Reformed Christianity. However, close consideration of their writings on religion reveal marked difference. This paper explores those differences and finds that Rousseau and Smith are radically ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Kant and Hegel on Aesthetic Reflexivity
Kant and Hegel on Aesthetic Reflexivity

جرج و. برترام

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 95-113

چکیده
  The paper aims at reevaluating a conception of the aesthetic that was developed by Kant and Hegel but that has been widely neglected due to the fact that their positions in aesthetics have been wrongly considered to be antagonistic to one another. The conception states that the aesthetic is a practice of reflecting on other human practices. Kant was the first ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Paradigmatic Significance of Perception in Mullā Ṣadrā’s Philosophy of Being
The Paradigmatic Significance of Perception in Mullā Ṣadrā’s Philosophy of Being

آنتونی ف. شاکر

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 115-143

چکیده
  Ṣadrā presents the usefulness of the faculties of perception governed by the intellect as a fitting paradigm for understanding man’s being in the world in relation to the divine purpose and source of this being. Perception raises challenging questions which, while peripheral to philosophy proper, have contributed to the debate on knowing and being. Dating ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Naturalizing Self-Consciousness
Naturalizing Self-Consciousness

رابرتو هوراسیو دِ سَ پِرِیرا

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 145-170

چکیده
  The crucial problem of self-consciousness is how to account for knowing self-reference without launching into a regress or without presupposing self-consciousness rather than accounting for it (circle). In the literature we find two bottom-up proposals for solving the traditional problem: the postulation of nonconceptual forms of self-consciousness and the postulation ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
”The possibility of the prejudicative in the substantialism of Mulla Sadrāʼs ″Kitab al-Mashaʽir
”The possibility of the prejudicative in the substantialism of Mulla Sadrāʼs ″Kitab al-Mashaʽir

ماریا رکسانا بیسچین

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 171-184

چکیده
  Due to the the movements in European thought from the 16th-17th centuries that have generated enough controversy around the ideas of ʻnatural philosophyʼ and ʻexperimental philosophyʼ, I think it would be appropriate to focus our attention on the evolution of the idea of ʻsubstantialismʼ in ʻtranscendental philosophyʼ from the Islamic philosophy. Mulla ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
On the Entanglement of Universals-Theory and Christian Faith in the Modern Theological Discourse of Karl Barth
On the Entanglement of Universals-Theory and Christian Faith in the Modern Theological Discourse of Karl Barth

هیروشی تونه

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 185-201

چکیده
  The philosophical investigations into universals was entangled with the combination of a certain Christian faith and Ontology, especially in ancient and medieval times. That is, God’s creative activity provided us with the ontological presumption which enabled universals to be predicated, be perceived and be thought about. Times then have changed, and “the ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
A new philosophy of man and humanism
A new philosophy of man and humanism

هانس ل. م. داسن

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 201-218

چکیده
  The theoretical basis for the new philosophy was laid by the American philosopher James Joseph Dagenais (1923-1981), who came to the conclusion that philosophical anthropology is not a science, but a domain unto itself, and that a philosophy of man can only come about as a joint undertaking of all sciences, in which the object of study must be man himself. The ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Plato Seeking for “One Real Explanation” in Phaedo
Plato Seeking for “One Real Explanation” in Phaedo

محمد باقر قمی؛ مهدی قوام صفری

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 219-240

چکیده
  What this essay is to discuss is Plato''s theory of explanation in Phaedo. In this dialogue, we observe that Socrates criticizes both the natural scientists’ explanations and Anaxagoras’ theory of Mind since he thinks they could not explain all things, firstly, in a unitary and, secondary, in a real way. Thence, we are to call what Plato is seeking ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Mulla Sadra and Hume on Comparative Analyzing of Causality
Mulla Sadra and Hume on Comparative Analyzing of Causality

قدرت الله قربانی

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 241-257

چکیده
  One of the most important causes for comparative studying on philosophical systems is to find their commonalities for responding common questions and to emphasize on their differences for taking functional answers encountering modern philosophical challenges and problems. Here, causality is chosen as the case study. Causality is of the basic philosophical issues ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Active Objectivism: Analyzing Tabatabai’s View on the Meaningful Life
Active Objectivism: Analyzing Tabatabai’s View on the Meaningful Life

سیده زهرا رشیدی فرد؛ رضا اکبری؛ محسن جوادی

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 259-269

چکیده
  Tabatabai’s theory about the meaning of life can be referred to as active objectivism, where a man plays an important role in achieving the meaningful life, rather than merely discovering the divine view about his existence. If the man chooses the divine purpose from a “real life” perspective as his meaning of life, God’s purpose and man’s ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Postmodernism, Philosophy and Literature
Postmodernism, Philosophy and Literature

حسین صبوری

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 271-285

چکیده
  No special definite definition does exist for postmodernism however it has had an inordinate effect on art, architecture, music, film, literature, philosophy, sociology, communications, fashion, and technology. The main body of this work can be seen as an admiration and reverence for the values and ideals associated with postmodern philosophy as well as postmodern ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Manifestation Challenge: The Debate between McDowell and Wright
The Manifestation Challenge: The Debate between McDowell and Wright

سعیده شاه میر؛ علی حسین خانی

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 287-306

چکیده
  In this paper, we will discuss what is called “Manifestation Challenge” to semantic realism, which was originally developed by Michael Dummett and has been further refined by Crispin Wright. According to this challenge, semantic realism has to meet the requirement that knowledge of meaning must be publically manifested in linguistic behaviour. In ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Spinoza on Method
Spinoza on Method

محسن تهرانی؛ مصطفی شهرآیینی

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 307-322

چکیده
  By interrupting the traditional approach to the distinctiveness of the order of knowledge and the order of nature (which was the procedure of many philosophers like Aristotle, and his scholastic disciples, more especially of Thomas Aquinas and even Descartes and Cartesian), and acquiring a unified science, Spinoza changes the customary order of philosophizing ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Inspiration nihiliste dans La Chouette aveugle de Sadegh Hedayat
Inspiration nihiliste dans La Chouette aveugle de Sadegh Hedayat

مرضیه بلیغی

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 323-337

چکیده
  La Chouette aveugle de Sadegh Hedayat, auteur iranien, qui appartient à la catégorie des œuvres dites « noires », se fonde sur une inspiration nihiliste. Malgré l’influence indéniable de la philosophie nihiliste dans la création de cette œuvre compliquée, il n’y a aucune étude ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Violence du langage dans l’œuvre dramatique de Samuel Beckett : la quête du néant
Violence du langage dans l’œuvre dramatique de Samuel Beckett : la quête du néant

محمد محمدی‌ آغداش

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 339-355

چکیده
  L’homme beckettien représente grosso modo sur la scène de théâtre des années cinquante le spectacle de souffrance physique et de désintégration totale du sujet qui est le fait d’un trauma et d’un complexe plus profonds, celui du vide de matières scéniques et du mal fondamental qu’on ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
L'influence du mysticisme islamique sur l'éducation iranienne
L'influence du mysticisme islamique sur l'éducation iranienne

محمود نوالی

دوره 12، شماره 24 ، مهر 1397، صفحه 357-369

چکیده
  Il faut savoir que le mysticisme a eu toujours de grandes influences sur tout ce qui concerne la vie et la culture iraniennes, surtout sur l’éducation qui est une étape très importante dans la formation de l’avenir de la jeunesse. C’est vrai, le mysticisme est une approche individualiste alors que l’éducation ...  بیشتر