The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه و کلام اسلامی، دانشگاه شهید رجایی تهران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد فلسفه، دانشگاه شهید رجایی، تهران

3 استاد فلسفه دانشگاه شهید رجایی، تهران

10.22034/jpiut.2020.39723.2553

چکیده

آلام ناشی از بیماری کووید 19 شر ادراکی است و یک امر وجودی محسوب می­شود. شر ادراکی با برخی صفات الهی به ویژه حکمت و عدل و علم او و همچنین، احسن بودن نظام خلقت تزاحم ظاهری پیدا می­کند و بایستی وجود این شرور را بر این اساس تبیین و توجیه کرد. در پاسخ به این پرسش که اگر شر ادراکی بیماری کووید 19 با علم و حکمت و عدالت و نظام احسن منافات ندارد پس چرا خداوند عالمی فاقد همین مقدار شرور را نیز نیافریده است، چند پاسخ ارائه شد که مبتنی بر حکمت خداوند قابل تحلیل هستند. شرور فایده­هایی دارند و جلوه­گر شدن آنها در قالب شر ناشی از نسبت ادراکی ما با آنهاست. همچنین، شرور مجعول بالعرض هستند و مربوط به هیولا و ماده عالم می­باشند و خیرهای عالم در مجموع بر شرور غلبه دارند. جدای از این، شرور لازمه اختیار انسانی هستند. از سویی علم و معرفت بشر، تابع قوانین ثابت می­باشد و جوشش عواطف و احساسات و نیکی­ها در عالم، وابسته به حضور شرور می­باشد. بر این اساس بر اساس باور به خداوند می­توان وجود شرور ادراکی را بدون توسل به عدمی بودن همه شرور توجیه کرد و همچنان بر این اندیشه بود که شرور ادراکی بیماری کووید19 منافاتی با حکمت الهی ندارد. بایستی از فرصت حاصل شده از بیماری کووید 19 برای اندیشیدن به جهانی بهتر پس از کنترل شیوع ویروس کرونا اندیشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Covid-19 (Coronavirus) as a cognitive evil and facing it based on the believe in GOD

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Zeinolabedin 1
  • Amirhossein Mansouri 1
  • Arefeh Poushyan Jouybarie 2
  • Eynollah Khademi 3

1 PhD Candidate of İslamic philosophy,, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Iran. Tehran

2 M.A. of philosophy, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Iran. Tehran.

3 Professor of philosophy, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University. Tehran

چکیده [English]

The pains and afflictions caused by the covid-19, are a kind of cognitive evils, and are an existential thing. cognitive evils are in conflict with God’s wisdom and justice and knowledge and the goodness of the creation. here is a question that, if cognitive evils are not in conflict with these divine qualities, why they are created by God, and why not have God created a world without evils. There are some responses to this question based on God’s wisdom: Evils are necessary in creation of world and have some benefits. We consider them evil, because of their relation with us. Too, evils are not because of God’s creation but they are belonging to corporal aspects of the world and its weakness and abilities. The goodness of world is very much as evils. Too, the evils are necessary for human free will. Human science is based to fixed laws and the stirring of emotions and goodness depends on the presence of evil. then we can justify the existence of evil without resorting to non-existence. and we can say that cognitive evils of covid-19 did not conflict with divine wisdom. Now we have opportunity given by covid-19 to think about a better world after coronavirus.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognitive evil
  • Coronavirus
  • Covid-19
  • evils
  • pain
  • belive
  • . GOD
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