Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate of Philosophy of Art, Department of Philosophy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Art Research, Faculty of Theoretical Sciences and High Art Studies, University of Art, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran



The writings of Pseudo-Dionysius are a mixture of Christian thought, Late Greek philosophy and mainly neo-Platonic philosophy, which are easily integrated with religion because of his transcendence. Dionysius's view of beauty is described in Asma Elahi. It seems that his views on beauty also exist in the wisdom of illumination, so a comparison can be made between the views of Dionysius and Sheikh Ishraq on beauty. Suhrawardi discusses beauty with themes such as Noor Al-Anvar, more insight, the high ability of mystics to understand beauty, and the light that causes beauty, beauty and perfection and Dionysius refers to the trinity, infinity, connection with God, the source of beauty and etc. in his proposed criteria and also he tells about the final end of his views in the areas of origin and influence, as well as the manifestation of beauty in objects. In this study, by examining the views of Dionysius and Sheikh Ishraq, it shows the similarities between these two views.


Main Subjects

-      Anonymous Author (5th Century), Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite.
-      Bychkov, Viktor (1990–1991) L’estetica bizantina: Problemi teorici. Bari: Congedo, 1983 Dionysius Areopagita, Corpus Dionysiacum, 2 vols, edit. Beate Regina Suchla, Günter Heil, and Adolf M. Ritter. Berlin: De Gruyter.
-      Hathaway, Ronald F. (1969) Hierarchy and the Definition of Order in the “Letters” of Pseudo-Dionysius: A Study in the Form and Meaning of the Pseudo-Dionysian Writings, The Hague: Nijhoff.
-      Hekmat, Nasrollah; Hajizadeh, Mahboobe (2012) “Light in Suhrawardi's philosophy”. Journal of Knowledge, 1/66, PP. 7-25. (in Persian)
-      Ivanovic, Filip (2014) “The Eternally and Uniquely Beautiful: Dionysius the Areopagite’s Understanding of the Divine Beauty”, International Journal of Philosophy and Theology, 75: 3, 188-204, DOI: 10.1080/21692327.2014.971046.
-      Jafari, MohammadTaghi (1983) Art and beauty from the perspective of Islam, Office of Publication and Culture of Islamic Guidance. (in Persian)
-      Klitenic-Wear, Sara and Dillon, John M. (2007) Dionysius the Areopagite and the Neoplatonist Tradition: Despoiling the Hellenes, Aldershot: Ashgate.
-      Koch, Hugo (1895) “Proklos als Quelle des Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita in der Lehre vom Bösen”, Philologus, 54: 438–454.
-      Koch, Hugo (1900) Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita in Seinen Beziehungen zum Neuplatonismus und Mysterienwesen: eine literarhistorische Untersuchung. Mainz, Kirchheim.
-      Lossky, Vladimir (1931) “La notion des ‘analogies’ chez Denys le Pseudo-Aréopagite”, Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age 5: 279–309
-      Müller, Herman Friedrich (1918) Dionysios, Proklos, Plotinos: ein historischer Beitrag zur neuplatonischen Philosophie, Münster: Aschendorff.
-      Naghizadeh, Mohammad (2008) Fundamentals of religious art in Islamic culture. Islamic Culture Publications. {in Persian}
-      Perl, Eric D. (1994) “Hierarchy and Participation in Dionysius the Areopagite and Greek Neoplatonism”, American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 68, no. 1: 15–30.
-      Shafiee, Fatemeh; Fazeli, Alireza (2013) “Beauty and its existential dignity according to Suhrawardi”. Journal of Ontological Researches. 2(3). 101~122. (in persian)
-      Stang, Charles (2012) M. Apophasis and Pseudonymity in Dionysius the Areopagite: No longer I., Oxford: Oxford University Press.
-      Stiglmayr, Josef (1895) “Der Neuplatoniker Proklos als Vorlage des sog. Dionysius Areopagita in der Lehre vom Übel.” Historisches Jahrbuch 16: 253–273.
-      Suhrawardi, Shahabeddin (2010) Hekmat-ol-Eshragh, trans. Jafar Sajadi. Tehran: University of Tehran. (in Persian)
-      Tatarkiewicz, Wladyslaw (2017) History of Aesthetics. Vol 2: Medieval Aesthetics, trans. Hadi Rabiee, Tehran: Minooye Kherad Publications. (in Persian)