Authorship and Contributorship


 Author: Journal of Philosophical Investigations defines an author as a person who has made a substantive intellectual contribution to the submitted manuscript. A substantive contribution includes one or more of the following:

 •            Design or conceptualization of the study

 •            OR major role in the acquisition of data

 •            OR analysis or interpretation of the data

 •            OR drafting or revising the manuscript for intellectual content

It is the responsibility of the authors of a manuscript to designate the Corresponding Author, determine author order, and decide which persons in the study are authors and which are contributors according to the journal’s criteria. Please note that the author list/author order MUST be finalized prior to first submission. Author addition, omission, or change in author order will require additional documentation. See Changes in Authorship after Submission.

Authorship Criteria


  • Manuscripts submitted for publication must list all authors, including the person who drafted the original manuscript. The Journal considers ghostwriting (undisclosed authorship) unethical (see Scientific Misconduct and Breaches of Publication Ethics).
  • All those qualifying for authorship must give final approval of the version to be published and take responsibility for the conduct of the research.
  • All those qualifying for authorship must indicate their contributions to the article in Appendix 1 in tabular format (and on the Authorship Agreement form should the manuscript reach provisional acceptance). The appendix should appear before the reference section. The Author Appendix is excluded from total word count.


 Manuscript Preparation

  1. Language

The language of the manuscript must be in English (either American or British standard, but not the mixture of both) or Persian.

 2. Length of paper

The length of the paper should not exceed 25 pages (8000 words). Paper containing more than 25 pages words will be returned to the author(s) to abridge. Articles should be typed in double-space (including footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

3. Title Page

The title page is a separated page before the text. It should include the following information:

4. Title

The tile should be concise and informative. Try to avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

5. Author’s names and affiliations

Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.

6. Corresponding author

Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers or Emails are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

7. Sponsoring information

If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.

8. Abstract

A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250  and minimum 150 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should, therefore, be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list.

9. Keywords

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 7 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').

10. Subdivision of the article

Divide your article into clearly defined sections. Subsections should be numbered 1, 2.

11. Table and Figures

Present tables and figures at the end of the article. Please note that the article will be published in black and white.

11. References

Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit to learn more about APA style

12.Citations in the text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citations in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

13. Reference List

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.


Reference to a journal publication:

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton R. A. (2000). "The art of writing a scientific article". Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51-59.

Reference to a book:

Rorty, Richard (1979)Philosophy and Mirror of Nature. New York: Macmillan

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

Reference to a web source:

Smith, Joe, (1999), One of Volvo's core values. [Online] Available: (July 7, 1999)

14. Submission Preparation Checklist

Before submitting the manuscript, the author(s) should check the following list.

1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.

2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word file/ PDF format.

3. The manuscript has been made in the light of the Journal’s author guidelines.

4. Author(s) did not mention his or her name and affiliation in the main text

5. Author(s) has read all the terms and conditions of the journal


Individuals claiming authorship should meet all 3 of the following conditions

in accordance with the “The Quarterly Journal of Philosophical Investigations:

1) Authors make substantial contributions to conception and design, and/or acquisition of data, and/or analysis and interpretation of data;

2) Authors participate in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and

3) The authors give the final approval of the version to be submitted and any revised version.

Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Allowing one’s name to appear as an author without having contributed significantly to the study or adding the name of an individual who has not contributed or who has not agreed to the work in its current form is considered a breach of appropriate authorship. Ghost-writing is NOT acceptable. No one, other than the authors listed below, should have contributed substantially to the writing and revising of the manuscript. Contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the acknowledgment.


Author Complaint Process

Before submitting manuscripts, authors are requested to read all the guidelines and policies regarding processing and publication of the manuscript.

How to complaint?

The authors have the right to complaint and ask explanation if they perceive any misconduct in any applicable policies and ethical guidelines. The authors can raise their complaints by submitting a letter to:

All the complaints regarding delinquencies in the work processes are investigated according to the prevailing publication ethics practices.

Complaints categorization

An author or any other scholar may submit their complaints about any issues related to:

  • Plagiarism
  • Copyright violation
  • Deceiving in research results or wrong research results
  • Violations in set standard for research
  • Unrevealed conflicts of interest
  • Bias in review process
  • Manuscript processing time is unusually late
  • The peer-review comments are unsatisfactorily
  • Authorship issues

Policy for Dealing with Complaints

Once a complaint is received, at first an acknowledgement is sent to the complainant with assurance that appropriate action will be taken on complaint within three working days excluding the complaint receiving date.

The investigation process is initiated by the Journal handling team according to the directions of the Editor-In-Chief. After the investigation is over, a meeting is held with complete report on the complaint. The decision is taken in and the same is forwarded to the concerned scholar through his submitted email ID.

We consider complaints as an opportunity to enhance our existing Manuscript Processing System. All the received complaints are dealt in polite and timely manner with a certainty.