رابطه لذت و سعادت از دیدگاه ابن سینا و ملاصدرا

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه و کلام اسلامی.واحد اهواز، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

2 استادیار گرو فلسفه و کلام اسلامی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

3 استادیار گروه فلسفه و کلام اسلامی‌‌، واحد اهواز‌‌، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی‌‌، اهواز‌‌، ایران

10.22034/jpiut.2021.43028.2724

چکیده

انسان‌ها از زمانی که پا به عرصه حیات می‌گذارند تا ابد با پدیده‌های لذّت و سعادت مواجه هستند. این دو مفهوم بسیار به هم نزدیک‌اند ولی تفاوت عمده باهم دارند و آن این که لذّت در موارد لحظه‌‌ای نیز به کار می‌رود و سعادت صرفاً در مورد لذّت‌های پایدار یا نسبتاً پایدار کاربرد دارد. ابن‌سینا و ملاصدرا این دو مفهوم را کاملاً از یکدیگر جدا و متمایز کردند و برای آن‌ها تعریف‌های جداگانه‌‌ای ارائه کردند. میان لذّت و سعادت ارتباط عمیقی وجود دارد. نفس‌شناسی تأثیر مستقیمی بر لذّت و سعادت دارد. با توجه به قوای ادراکی نفس‌‌،‌‌ مراتب مختلفی برای لذّت و سعادت در نظر می‌گیرد که از میان آن‌ها لذّت عقلانی و سعادت عقلانی یا روحانی را از جهت مدرَک‌‌،‌‌ مدرِک‌‌،‌‌ و کمیت و کیفیت برتر از بقیه لذّت‌ها و سعادت‌ها می‌داند. و از میان قوای نفس تنها قوای عقلانی است که با مرگ از بین نرفته و در عألم آخرت سعادت و لذّت نهایی توسط آن رقم می‌خورد. روشی که در این مقاله استفاده شده است توصیفی و تحلیلی است و روش گردآوری مطالب به صورت کتابخانه‌‌ای است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Pleasure and Happiness from the Point of View of Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Ganjipour 1
  • Farajullah Barati 2
  • Meysam Amani 3
1 PhD Candidate, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

From the time human beings are born, they are forever confronted with the phenomena of pleasure and happiness. These two concepts are very close but there are major differences and that is that pleasure is also used in momentary cases, and happiness is used only for lasting or relatively lasting pleasures. Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra completely separated these two concepts and provided separate definitions for them. There is a deep relationship between pleasure and happiness. Psychology has a direct effect on pleasure and happiness. According to the perceptual powers of the soul, it considers different levels for pleasure and happiness, among which it considers intellectual pleasure and intellectual or spiritual happiness in terms of evidence, proof, and quantity and quality of superior than other pleasures and happiness. And among the powers of the soul, it is the only intellectual power that has not been destroyed by death, and in the world of the hereafter, ultimate happiness and pleasure will be determined by it. The method used in this article is descriptive and analytical and the method of collecting materials is library.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pleasure
  • Happiness
  • Soul
  • Ibn sina
  • Mulla Sadra
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