Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD in philosophy, Isfahan university

2 Associate Professor in philosophy department, Faculty of Literature , Isfahan university


Focusing on Heidegger and Derrida's interpretation of Plato, this paper highlights a line of interpretation in which Plato is the beginning of a philosophical understanding that rejects the hidden aspect of Being and truth. Against this line, Foucault's interpretation of Plato and Greek philosophical practices is elaborated. Considering this interpretation it becomes clear that we are dealing with two distinct descriptions of Greek philosophical practices and its relation to the rise of modernity; An explanation that sees modernity as an extension of the deepest meaning embodied in Greek metaphysics, and an explanation that interprets the foundation of modern philosophy in opposition to the foundation of Platonic thought, and sees Plato and the ancient philosophical currents influenced by him as the horizon for resisting modern domination. Although Foucault's project of the art of living owes much to Heidegger's projects of care of the self and the work of art, it allows Foucault to offer a different interpretation of Plato. We show what methodological considerations help Foucault to offer this different interpretation. To get such a different interpretation, Foucault pays attention to the functions of writing, logos, and truth as parrhesia in Plato's thought and Greek philosophy. Following Foucault's path, it is offered an analysis of forms, agathon, and dialogue that highlights their living, engaging, aesthetic, and political aspects. This conceptual and methodological toolkit helps us to introduce and develop a different interpretive line of Plato's thought.


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