Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


PhD Candidate of Philosophy of Religion, Islamic Azad University, Research and Sciences Branch, Tehran,


In this article we have tried to investigated argues of proponents of intelligent design (ID) about an intelligent agent in the creation of the universe. These scientists and philosophers who insist that intelligent design theory is a scientific theory that can be an alternative to evolutionary theory. But evolutionists, claims that intelligent design isn’t a scientific theory ,it is raised from religiose beliefs. In this paper has indicated the main challenges between evolutionists and ID proponents, thus the first we explanation about teleological argument ,that it is the root of the theory of intelligent design, and it has contemplated a summary of the claims of evolutionists and supporters of intelligent design about the formation of beings. Scientific and empirical arguments of both evolutionists and intelligent design supporters and controversy raised by the parties has considered and ultimately, the mere discussion of ID proponents about scientific arguments of ID, have been questioned.


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  • (First published Tue Feb 20, 2007; by: Alvin Plantinga, substantive revision Thu May 27, 2010)