Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti University

2 Professor in Sharif University of Technology, School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM) Tehran, Iran


The modern cosmology is based on the observational evidences, but several philosophical principles and metaphysical prejudices play an undeniable role in it. This paper surveys some important attitudes such as causality, prediction, determinism etc. in the general relativity and cosmology. The general relativity is a deterministic theory (apart from the singularities) and is applied in prediction of the universe large-scale evolution. However, the acceleration of the universe, noticed at the end of last century, lead to a revolutionary view in the prediction in the cosmology. Subsequently there is an unavoidable uncertainty in this prediction because of the unknown nature of the acceleration driver. It is asserted in this article that the cosmologists’ unscientific assumptions, veiled in their scientific claims, affect strictly on their outcomes.


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