Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


Ph.D. of Philosophy, Imam Khomeini International University, Iran


Rorty claims that metaphysicians and religious scholars agree with the separation of the public sphere (politics) from the private sphere (religion). While metaphysicians try to find this goal by discovering the nature of public and private, theorists try to do this by prioritizing public instead of private or vice versa. But Rorty, by creating a dividing line between the private sphere and the public sphere, claims that the political sphere does not need to obtain its foundations from the individual criteria of the private sphere, to which religion also belongs. He removes the centrality of truth from the stage of thought with an epistemological and religious approach and replaces it with dialogue (correlation with different "us") in which no member is more fundamental than another and no member is allowed to Judgment is not about other competence. According to Rorty, religious arguments are viewed as limited knowledge, which is non-negotiable and acts as a dialogue stopper. This is where religion not only becomes a way to reject the authority of the rest of the world, but also acts as a way to block the will of agreement between people. Our assumption is that Rorty's view of religion, which is based on the theory of the primacy of politics over religion, is contradictory to her ideal of a society for which both religious pluralism elites are important and maintaining political solidarity.


Main Subjects

Baker, K. M. & hanns R. P. (ed) (2001). What's left Enlightenment? a postmodern question, Stanford University Press.
Bamikole, L. O. (2008). Knowledge/Wisdom Distinction: Implications for Development Oriented Education. The University of the West Indies at Mona.
Bauman, Z. (1992). Intimations of Postmodernity, Routledge.
Bernstein, R. J. (1992). The New Constellation: The Ethical-Political Horizons of Modernity/Postmodernity. MIT Press.
Craig, E. (2005). The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Routledge.
Curtis, W. M. (2012). Rorty, Religion, and Pragmatic Liberalism, WPSA Annual Conference.
Dombrowski, D. A. (2007). Rorty Versus Hartshorne, or Poetry Versus Metaphysics, Journal Compilation Metaphilosophy LLC and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Ferrell, R. (1991). Richard Rorty and the Poet's Utopia. In R. Diprose & R. Ferrell (Eds.), Cartographies: poststructuralism and the mapping of bodies and spaces, pp. 3-12, Allen & Unwin.
Fiala, A. (2008). Militant atheism, pragmatism, and the God-shaped hole, International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 65(3), 139-151.
Guignon, C. & Hilley, D. R. (2003). Richard Rorty, Cambridge University Press.
Huang, Y. (1994). Political Solidarity and Religious Plurality: a Rortian Alternative to Liberalism and Communitarianism, Journal of Law and Religion, 11(2), 499-534, Cambridge University Press.
Huang, Y. (2010). Rorty, Pragmatism, and Confucianism; with Responses by Richard Rorty, SUNY Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture.
Hutchinson, A. C. (1989). The Three 'Rs': Reading/Rorty/Radically, Harvard Law Review. 103(2), 555-585.
James, T. (2007). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, Routledge.
Joachim, H. (1906). The Nature of Truth, Clarendon.
Johnsen, B. (1999). On Richard Rorty’s Culs-De-Sac, The Philosophical Forum, V. XXX, No. 2, Oxford Unbiversity Press.
Lambros, N. (1999). God, Truth, and Meaning, in the Post-modernism of Umberto Eco, Cleveland State University.
Malone, J. C. (2004). Pragmatism and Radical Behaviorism: A Response to Leigland, Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies, University of Tennessee.
Maqsood, Z. (2001). What is the Importance of Discourse in Relation to Values? What are the Implications of Your Answer for Education? Education for Values Module Assessment, Blackwell Press.
McCumber, J. (1990). Review: Reconnecting Rorty: The Situation of Discourse in Richard Rorty's Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity, Johns Hopkins University Press.
Miller, A. (1998). Philosophy of Language. Mc Gill – Queens University Press.
Mouffe, CH. (1996). Deconstruction and Pragmatism, Simon Critchley, Jacques Derrida, Ernesto Laclau and Richard Rorty, Routledge.
Pascal, A. M. (2004). The Notion of Public Sphere in Post-Totalitarian Times, Blackwell Press.
Peters, M. (1995). Wittgenstein and Post-Analytic Philosophy of Education: rorty or lyotard? University of Auckland.
Richard, R. (2002). The Decline of Redemptive Truth and the Rise of Literary Cultural.
Rohrer, P. (2000). Self-Creation or Choosing the Self: A Critique of Richard Rorty’s Idea of Democratic Education, Teachers College, Columbia University.
Rorty, R. (1991). Essays on Heidegger and others: philosophical papers, Cambridge University Press.
Rorty, R. (1996). Objectivity, Relativism, and Truth: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 1, Cambridge University Press.
Rorty, R. (2007). Philosophy as Cultural Politics. Philosophical Papers. Cambridge University Prees.
Rosenow, E. (1998). Towards an Aesthetic Education? Rorty's Conception of Education, Journal of Philosophy of Education, 32(2), 253–265.
Shook, J. R & Ghiraldelli, P. Jr. (2007). Contemporary Pragmatism, Rodopi Bv Editions.
Smith, N. (1999). Chomsky, Ideas and Ideals, Cambridge University Press.
Thompson, S. (2001). Richard Rorty on Truth, Justification and Justice, in Richard Rorty: Critical Dialogues, edited by M. Festenstein & S. Thompson, Polity Press.
Turner, S. P. & Roth P. A. (2003). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Blackwell Publishing.
Voparil, CH. J. (2011). Reading Rorty Politically, Humanities & Society, Union Institute & University, Cincinnati.
Wellmer, A. (2008). Rereading Rorty, Krisis Journal for Contemporary Philosophy,,
Wolterstorff, N. (2003). An Engagement with Rorty. Journal of Religious Ethics. 31(1), 129–139, Oxford University Press.
Zabala, S. (2005). The Future of Religion Richard Rorty and Gianni Vattimo, Columbia University Press.