Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper



As far as Schopenhauer’s philosophy sees the world as representation,
and deals with the way of knowing and the relation between subject and
object, it is consistent with the Kant’s philosophy and epistemology.
Both Schopenhauer’s Dissertation and the first part of his famous work
The Word as Will and Representation reflect the Kantian epistemology.
Schopenhauer himself has admitted that his philosophy is based on the
Kant’s philosophy. In epistemology. he accepts the Kant’s Copernician
revolution. Even though the epistemology aspect of his philosophy (The
world as representation) is based on the Kant’s philosophy, But he
never likes thoroughly to follow Kant's philosophy. Uniting the
causality with the matter, reducing the twelve categories of
understanding to one category, considering time, space and causality as
the forms of the principle of sufficient reason, etc. are his innovative
cases versus Kantian view. Then it can be said that, he intended to go
beyond the Kant’s philosophy. On the other hand, Schopenhauer’s
philosophy is idealistic. He considers the object as the representation of
the subject. But the idealistic aspect of his philosophy is considered only
in the structure of the world as representation rather as will. In other
words, idealism contains only the phenomenal aspect of the world.
This paper tries to illustrate the epistemological and idealistic status
of Schopenhauer’s philosophy from the perspective of Kant’s
theoretical philosophy.