Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


Professor of Philosophy at The European Graduate School / EGS.- Switzerland


This article attempts to illustrate our confrontation with tragedy in contemporary situation, That is why we are discussing this here in seven issues (Feeding the Ancients with Our Own Blood/ Philosophy’s Tragedy and the Dangerous Perhaps/Knowing and Not Knowing: How Oedipus Brings Down Fate/ Rage, Grief, and War/ Gorgias: Tragedy Is a Deception That Leaves the Deceived Wiser/Than the Nondeceived/Justice as Conflict (for Polytheism)/Tragedy as a Dialectical Mode of Experience). Finally, this article seeks to show that tragedy is a way of experience in our life today.

Key words: tragedy, philosophy, Greek.


-      Butler, Judith (2009) Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? (London: Verso)
-      Carson, Anne (2001) The Beauty of the Husband (New York: Vintage Books, 2001)
-      Carson, Anne (2006) (preface) “Tragedy: A Curious Art Form,” in Grief Lessons—Four Plays by Euripides, trans. Anne Carson (New York: New York Review of Books)
-      Euripides, Grief Lessons—Four Plays by Euripides, trans. Anne Carson (New York: New York Review of Books, 2006), 311.
-      Felski, Rita (2008) introduction to Rethinking Tragedy, ed. Rita Felski (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008)
-      Freeman, Kathleen (1983) Ancilla to the Pre-Socratic Philosophers (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press)
-      Geuss, Raymond (2014) A World Without Why (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press)
-      Goldhill, Simon (1997)“The Audience of Athenian Tragedy,” in The Cambridge Companion to Greek Tragedy, ed. P. E. Easterling (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)
-      Halliwell, Stephen (2005)“Learning from Suffering—Ancient Responses to Tragedy,” in A Companion to Greek Tragedy, ed. Justina Gregory (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing)
-      Hampshire, Stuart (1999) Justice Is Conflict (London: Duckworth)
-      Liddell, Henry G. & Scott,  Robert,( 1996) A Greek-English Lexicon (Cambridge: Clarendon Press)
-      Moellendorff, Ulrich von Wilamowitz (1908) Greek Historical Writing and Apollo, trans. Gilbert Murray (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
-      Nietzsche, Friedrich (1966) Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future, trans. Walter Kaufmann (New York: Vintage Books)
-      Steiner, George (1996) The Death of Tragedy (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press)
-      Williams, Raymond (1966) Modern Tragedy (London: Vintage Books)