Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tabriz, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Islamic Education, Ahar Branch. Islamic Azad university , Ahar, Iran


How to create and consequently the creation theory of ex nihilio it has been one of the main challenges between Islamic philosophers and theologians. Numerous interpretations in this aspect, have been examined in the form of a confrontation between temporal and the eternal. The Ash'arites know the origin of creation from non-existence" create something out of nothing’’ and they believe that pre-occurrence events are neither objects nor essences. In this regard, the beginning of creation is nothing, and the world with the will and the absolute power of God, It is created without the mediation of non-existence. His will and power negate any necessity and intermediary in creation and the creatures are not effusion and coercive emanation by God; but essentially it depends on the free will and authority of the creator. Conversely, Mullah Sadra believes in the creation in time and essential origination. He used "not of anything" in creation. He proves and by modifying the term ex nihilio the occurrence of the world and the creation ex nihilio with philosophical arguments and raises a new perspective and based on the motion of the substance. The world is temporal generated. In his view the world is essentially renewing, and the creation in time of the universe the creation means of world "with time" not "in time".


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