Journal of Philosophical Investigations
Volume 16 (2022)
Volume 15 (2021)
Issue 37 articles
Special Issue: Interaction between Sciences and Philosophy (in persian)
Issue 36 articles
English issue, (Interaction between Sciences and Philosophy)
Issue 35 articles
Issue 34 articles
Volume 14 (2020)
Volume 13 (2019)
Volume 12 (2018)
Volume 11 (2017)
Volume 10 (2016)
Volume 9 (2015)
Volume 8 (2014)
Volume 7 (2013)
Volume 6 (2012)
Volume 5 (2011)
Volume 4 (2010)
Volume 3 (2009)
Volume 2 (2008)
Volume 1 (2007)
Research Paper
Reviving Physicists' Attention to Philosophy in Recent Decades
Reviving Physicists' Attention to Philosophy in Recent Decades

Mehdi Golshani

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 5-19

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2022.46918.2898

Abstract
  From ancient times until the beginning of the new science, philosophy ruled over the sciences. Subsequently, with the rise of positivism in the first half of the nineteenth century, ...  Read More
Research Paper
The Importance and Role of Metaphysics for Science
The Importance and Role of Metaphysics for Science

Alireza Mansouri; Amir Ehsan Karbasizadeh

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 20-41

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47867.2960

Abstract
  In this paper, we first examine the reasons for opposing metaphysics. While assessing these reasons, we intend to reach a plausible stance regarding the relationship between science ...  Read More
Research Paper
General Relativity and Philosophy
General Relativity and Philosophy

Mohammad Ebrahim Maghsoudi; Mehdi Golshani

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 42-69

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47940.2968

Abstract
  Is philosophy useful for physics? Many physicists and philosophers believe that it is; but there are those who challenge the usefulness of philosophy for science. Three major objections ...  Read More
Research Paper
Are the Theories of Evolution, Multiverse, and the Inexistence of Universe Starting Point, the Product of Modern Science? Causality and Chance in Modern and Ancient Science
Are the Theories of Evolution, Multiverse, and the Inexistence of Universe Starting Point, the Product of Modern Science? Causality and Chance in Modern and Ancient Science

Yousef Jamali

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 70-99

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2020.40100.2571

Abstract
  In the last two centuries, a better understanding of nature and significant advances in science and technology have led to the emergence of new and exciting ideas and approaches. Almost ...  Read More
Research Paper
Heisenberg's Philosophical Approaches in the Development of Quantum Mechanics with the Copenhagen Interpretation
Heisenberg's Philosophical Approaches in the Development of Quantum Mechanics with the Copenhagen Interpretation

Seyyed Hedayat Sajadi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 100-130

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.49200.3067

Abstract
  Heisenberg is one of the founders of quantum mechanics, and one of the pioneers and intellectual leaders of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. He proposed in two seminal ...  Read More
Research Paper
A Critical Approach to Substratum Theory:  How Do New Physics-Philosophy Describe and Explain Things?
A Critical Approach to Substratum Theory: How Do New Physics-Philosophy Describe and Explain Things?

Reza Mahoozi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 131-152

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46859.2889

Abstract
  Whether objects have a substance or not has always been the focus of philosophers. Substratum theory is one of the well-known theories in contemporary analytical metaphysics. It tries ...  Read More
Research Paper
On the Nature of Medicine: Necessities, Approaches, and Challenges
On the Nature of Medicine: Necessities, Approaches, and Challenges

Alireza Monajemi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 153-177

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47985.2976

Abstract
  After the middle of the twentieth century, symptoms gradually appeared which were collectively called the “crisis of medicine”. This crisis gave philosophy, which had been ...  Read More
Research Paper
Causal Analysis in Some Topics of Philosophy of Biology
Causal Analysis in Some Topics of Philosophy of Biology

Mahmoud Mozhdeh khoshknodahani

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 178-215

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2022.48909.3048

Abstract
  Despite all the ontological doubts about causality, one of the most important pillars of any philosophical theory is the issue of causality, with which it must clarify its task theory. ...  Read More
Research Paper
Critical Evaluation of Reductionism in Nigel and Oppenheim-Putnam Models of Science Unity
Critical Evaluation of Reductionism in Nigel and Oppenheim-Putnam Models of Science Unity

Mohammad Mahdi Hatami

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 216-241

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46157.2833

Abstract
  The unity or non-unity of science has been one of the most important philosophical issues in the twentieth century. One of the most important answers to the question of the unity of ...  Read More
Research Paper
Science and Tradition: Towards a Pluralistic Scientific Society
Science and Tradition: Towards a Pluralistic Scientific Society

Amir Motesharei; Mostafa Taqavi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 242-270

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2022.49754.3100

Abstract
  Having offered the “argument from bad lot”, Bas van Fraassen has raised an important criticism on the Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) and challenged scientific realism. ...  Read More
Research Paper
Neo-Darwinism; Naturalism against Empirical Evidence
Neo-Darwinism; Naturalism against Empirical Evidence

Nima Narimani

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 271-301

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46364.2867

Abstract
  In this article, after describing the content of the theory of Evolution from Darwin to the formation of modern synthesis or Neo-Darwinism, its theological implications are discussed. ...  Read More
Research Paper
The Place of Theological Attitude and Evolutionary Theory in John Dewey's Thought
The Place of Theological Attitude and Evolutionary Theory in John Dewey's Thought

Seyed Saber Seyedi Fazlollahi; Mohammad Akvan; Amir Mohebbian

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 302-325

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46943.2901

Abstract
  According to Darwin's theory of evolution, John Dewey wanted to change the way we look at the world around us. In the pre-modern days, he strived to achieve the promise of modernity, ...  Read More
Research Paper
Examining Nature of Consciousness  through Heidegger's Interpretations of φυσις and Ψυχη and His Criticisms of Scientism
Examining Nature of Consciousness through Heidegger's Interpretations of φυσις and Ψυχη and His Criticisms of Scientism

Hossein Azadmanjiri; Majid Mollayousefi; Mohammad Hssan Heidari; Mohammad Sadegh Zahedi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 326-347

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.44504.2761

Abstract
  By giving a new definition of Aristotle’s φυσις and Ψυχη Heidegger criticizes science and scientism. Through these interpretations ...  Read More
Research Paper
A Heideggerian Approach to the Embodied Cognition and Problem of Constitution in the Cognitive Science
A Heideggerian Approach to the Embodied Cognition and Problem of Constitution in the Cognitive Science

Seyed Jamal Ghoreyshi Khorasgani; Ali Karbasizadeh

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 348-374

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.44940.2774

Abstract
  In this article, we discuss how body plays a role in cognition. For this purpose, constitutive and causal approaches in the cognitive science are reviewed. This review addresses the ...  Read More
Research Paper
The Study and Analysis of Semantics through the Lens of Linguistics Based On a Philosophical Approach
The Study and Analysis of Semantics through the Lens of Linguistics Based On a Philosophical Approach

Mohammad Zohrabi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 375-396

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2022.48425.3015

Abstract
  Meaning is concerned with what a language expresses about the world in which we live or any imaginary or possible world. The study and analysis of meaning and its different angles is ...  Read More
Research Paper
Critical Thinking Skills in Children’s Literature
Critical Thinking Skills in Children’s Literature

Saeed Heyrani; Mahmoud Firoozi Moghaddam; Mahyar Alavi Moghaddam

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 397-417

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47337.2940

Abstract
  Story has a very critical role in the formation of critical thinking skills. The purpose of the prison research is to explore the potential benefits of normal stories in the formation ...  Read More
Research Paper
An Analysis of the Ontological Foundations of the Opposition of Place and Space in Modern Architecture
An Analysis of the Ontological Foundations of the Opposition of Place and Space in Modern Architecture

Flora Biabani; Mohammad Javad Safian; Shirin Toghyani; Mina Sadat Tabatabaei

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 418-449

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.44592.2763

Abstract
  Place is the most fundamental concept in architecture and is a necessity of architectural design, and since we face changes in our understanding of place notion in the modern era which ...  Read More
Research Paper
Postmodernist Visual Discourse on Lyotard's Views on Dushan's Works
Postmodernist Visual Discourse on Lyotard's Views on Dushan's Works

Soheila Bahremani; Hossein Ardalani; Nafiseh Namadianpour; Parnaz Goodarzparvari

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 450-468

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48344.3007

Abstract
  The French scholar Jan-Francoisa Lyotard (1925-98) deconstructs from categories such as speech and language and places the image and play against it. He places a postmodernist visual ...  Read More
Research Paper
Maurice Blanchot and the Problem of Time:  an analysis of the novel Thomas, L'obscur
Maurice Blanchot and the Problem of Time: an analysis of the novel Thomas, L'obscur

Samira Rashidpour Nessari

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 469-494

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48370.3009

Abstract
  The question of the relationship between time and literature has long been the subject of discussions by various thinkers and philosophers. One of the contemporary writers whose works ...  Read More
Research Paper
Adorno's
Adorno's "Culture Industry" Theory and its Relation to Contemporary Iranian Music

Golmehr Mahini; Mohammad Raayat Jahromi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 495-521

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48837.3044

Abstract
  Undoubtedly, the root of Adorno's thinking can be traced to his belief in the destruction of those philosophical ideas which seek to create immutable universals in the form of frozen ...  Read More
Research Paper
A Platonic Critical Study of TV as a Poet
A Platonic Critical Study of TV as a Poet

Hassan Ahmadizadeh

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 522-545

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46427.2859

Abstract
  The quarrel between Plato and the poets in the Utopia and try to exclude them from there is a very important subject in the Republic. He in the book III explains the limits for poems ...  Read More
Research Paper
Aesthetics of Tourism according to Kant`s Attitude to the Nature in Critique of Judgment
Aesthetics of Tourism according to Kant`s Attitude to the Nature in Critique of Judgment

Farideh Afarin; Bita Abde Nikfarjam

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 546-579

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46631.2875

Abstract
  interaction between sciences and philosophy In this research, we intend to examine Immanuel Kant's definition of nature in his critique of judgment in both parts, i.e., aesthetics ...  Read More
Research Paper
Helmuth Plessner;  a Philosophical Anthropology of Biological Provenance
Helmuth Plessner; a Philosophical Anthropology of Biological Provenance

Ehsan Karimi Torshizi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 580-606

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46234.2843

Abstract
  Helmuth Plessner, beside Max Scheler and Arnold Gehlen, is known as one of the great founders of new philosophical anthropology movement. From among new anthropological theories, however, ...  Read More
Research Paper
Phenomenal Consciousness; a Challenge to Physicalism
Phenomenal Consciousness; a Challenge to Physicalism

Samad Hosseini; Abbas Yazdani

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 607-626

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2022.49453.3081

Abstract
  The undeniable success of neuroscience in explaining human mental states, which in the past were explained in terms of supernatural concepts, has led many modern-day scientists and ...  Read More
Research Paper
Robespierre-Kant: A Study of the Relationship between Absolute Freedom and Terror and Kant's Philosophy of Ethics Based on the Hegel's Phenomenology of  spirit
Robespierre-Kant: A Study of the Relationship between Absolute Freedom and Terror and Kant's Philosophy of Ethics Based on the Hegel's Phenomenology of spirit

Mohsen Bagherzadeh Meshkibaf

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 627-653

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2020.37889.2497

Abstract
  In Phenomenology of the Spirit, Hegel depicts the dialectical structure of the history of European human consciousness. In all the transitions of consciousness to different outcomes, ...  Read More
Research Paper
Genesis of Awareness and Self-Awareness in the Political Situation; Based on The System of Knowledge and Foundation of Natural Rights
Genesis of Awareness and Self-Awareness in the Political Situation; Based on The System of Knowledge and Foundation of Natural Rights

Mostafa Abedi Jigeh; Hassan Fathi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 654-681

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.45434.2789

Abstract
  Consciousness, which is one of the central issues of German idealism, has received various interpretations among German philosophers. Assuming the thing-in-itself, Kant presented consciousness ...  Read More
Research Paper
The Relevance of Meditative Thinking and Politics in Heidegger’ Thinking
The Relevance of Meditative Thinking and Politics in Heidegger’ Thinking

Hossein Rouhani; Seyed Javad Miri

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 682-708

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48595.3022

Abstract
  With no exaggeration, Martin Heidegger is one of the most prominent thinkers of the twentieth century, who critically examines the 2,500-year history of the West as a manifestation ...  Read More
Research Paper
Basic Role of Time in Heidegger's Ontological Interpretation of Kant
Basic Role of Time in Heidegger's Ontological Interpretation of Kant

Ali Aghaeepour; Mahmoud Sufiani

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 709-740

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47501.2944

Abstract
  What is the role of Time in Heidegger's ontological interpretation of Kant? Heidegger's interpretation of Kant is a controversial and different one in current interpretation of Kant's ...  Read More
Research Paper
Kant's Aesthetics Subjectivity
Kant's Aesthetics Subjectivity

Ahmadreza Motamedi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 741-763

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2022.48544.3021

Abstract
  Kant limits aesthetics to judgment of taste. The faculty of judgment issues ugly and beautiful arbitration in relation to the pleasure of the external object. Kant considers aesthetic ...  Read More
Research Paper
The Conceptual Metaphor of Cell for Ethics
The Conceptual Metaphor of Cell for Ethics

Abdollah Salavati

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 764-787

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47331.2928

Abstract
  Metaphors in the new approach allow us to better understand ethics and bioethics due to their inherent capacities, such as highlighting and diversifying scripts from source domains. ...  Read More
Research Paper
Explanation of Robert Adams's View of the Theory of the Divine Commond and Ash'arites Divine Command
Explanation of Robert Adams's View of the Theory of the Divine Commond and Ash'arites Divine Command

Abdollah Asadi; Ahmad Hossein Falahi; Yadollah Dadjoo; Mahmoud Sheykholeslami

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 788-810

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47863.2958

Abstract
  The theory of the divine command is one of the main theories of the philosophy of ethics, which discusses religion and its relationship with morality, the good and bad of actions, divine ...  Read More
Research Paper
A Comparative Study of the Quality of Previous Divine Knowledge and Possibility of Renovation in the Thought of Mulla Sadra, Abolhassan Sha'rani and Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Assar
A Comparative Study of the Quality of Previous Divine Knowledge and Possibility of Renovation in the Thought of Mulla Sadra, Abolhassan Sha'rani and Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Assar

Jalil Jalili; Taher Karimzadeh

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 811-833

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2022.49707.3097

Abstract
  In this article, we argue that Muslim scholars have divided divine knowledge into three categories including substantial knowledge, knowledge of the creatures before creation, and knowledge ...  Read More
Research Paper
Analyzing and Critic of Ibn Sina’s Explanation  on Triple Division of Theoretical Wisdom
Analyzing and Critic of Ibn Sina’s Explanation on Triple Division of Theoretical Wisdom

Qodrotallah Qorbani; Rouhallah Souri; Sajad Dalir

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 834-855

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47902.2966

Abstract
  Ibn Sina, as a Muslim Philosopher, has given a famous triple division of knowledge and wisdom that is relying on Aristotelian philosophical tradition. Ibn Sina tries to rationalize ...  Read More
Research Paper
Comparative Study of the Theoretical Foundations of the Ash'arites and the Transcendent Wisdom about
Comparative Study of the Theoretical Foundations of the Ash'arites and the Transcendent Wisdom about "Creation Ex nihilo"

Hossein Vahabpour; Seyed Ebrahim Aghazadeh; Tavakkol Kouhi Giglou

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 856-879

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.46975.2904

Abstract
  How to create and consequently the creation theory of ex nihilio it has been one of the main challenges between Islamic philosophers and theologians. Numerous interpretations in this ...  Read More
Research Paper
Explaining, Analyzing and Measuring a Typical form in the Philosophy of Ibn Sina and Suhrawardi
Explaining, Analyzing and Measuring a Typical form in the Philosophy of Ibn Sina and Suhrawardi

Hossein Falsafi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 880-902

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48315.3004

Abstract
  The question of what a form is and whether it is substance or breadth is one of the basic questions in ancient and Islamic philosophies and the answer to it has been one of the most ...  Read More
Research Paper
Comparative Study of the Concept of God in the Book Uthulujiyya and Rasa`Il Al-Kindi Al-Falsafiyya
Comparative Study of the Concept of God in the Book Uthulujiyya and Rasa`Il Al-Kindi Al-Falsafiyya

Hassan Abbasi Hosseinabadi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 903-926

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.45405.2788

Abstract
  The philosophical God is explained by philosophical concepts and terms such as ‘being, cause’, ‘pure Act’ that in addition to them, in Uthulujiyya have also ...  Read More
Research Paper
Angels and the Theology of Salvation in the Bible: The Interpretive approach of Saint Augustine
Angels and the Theology of Salvation in the Bible: The Interpretive approach of Saint Augustine

Ali Moradi; Sahar Kavandi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 927-951

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47204.2924

Abstract
  Angels play a central role for Augustine in the Bible and, consequently, in the doctrine of salvation. In his works, he seeks to design a structure to explain the ontological position ...  Read More
Research Paper
Universal and Particular in Plato's Works
Universal and Particular in Plato's Works

Amir Hossein Saket

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 952-973

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48161.2995

Abstract
  Since early times, Plato’s ideas have been assumed as universal entities as opposed to the particulars. More exact analysis of Plato’s terminology, however, shows the contrary. ...  Read More
Research Paper
Scientific Realism and Anti-realism in Quine’s Philosophy
Scientific Realism and Anti-realism in Quine’s Philosophy

Amir Hajizadeh

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 974-996

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.47950.2970

Abstract
  In this essay, we try to address a fundamental issue in the philosophy of science, namely the conflict between realism and antirealism in Quine's philosophy. There seems to be an inner ...  Read More
Research Paper
Intention beyond Idealism and Realism
Intention beyond Idealism and Realism

Homayoun Dahaqin; Bijan Abdolkarimi; Mohammad Shokri

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 997-1026

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.44129.2750

Abstract
  Husserl's departure for the rejecting of the duality (subject and object) inherent in the nature of the Western metaphysical tradition is the transcendental structure of consciousness. ...  Read More
Research Paper
Underdetermination and Ontic Structural Realism
Underdetermination and Ontic Structural Realism

Saeed Masoumi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 1027-1051

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2020.38918.2525

Abstract
  One of the most important arguments against scientific realism is underdetermination, so realists should address the argument satisfactorily and give an appropriate response to it. ...  Read More
Research Paper
From the Idea of God in Classical Metaphysics to Nietzsche's Alternative Design
From the Idea of God in Classical Metaphysics to Nietzsche's Alternative Design

Mahmoud Izadpanah; Bijan Abdolkarimi; Reza Davari Ardakani; Babak Abbasi

Volume 15, Issue 37 , December 2021, Pages 1052-1074

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2021.48413.3012

Abstract
  Nietzsche believed that metaphysicians considered their beliefs to be true and gave their ideas an objective truth. Nietzsche claims that all human values and beliefs, including belief ...  Read More