Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


Distinguished Professor in Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.


From ancient times until the beginning of the new science, philosophy ruled over the sciences. Subsequently, with the rise of positivism in the first half of the nineteenth century, philosophy flourished in the scientific community. But with the emergence of some schools of philosophy of science in the second half of the twentieth century, it became clear that all sciences were based on some general metaphysical (metaphysical) principle. After that, some of the leaders of contemporary science gradually realized the role of philosophy in science. In recent decades, some important Western universities, including some important Western engineering universities such as MIT, have established philosophy departments in the United States, and in the last ten years, some of the top European and American universities have had good collaborations between philosophers. and the scientists of the experimental sciences have succeeded, and in this short time they have had fruitful results.


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