Journal of Philosophical Investigations

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Islamic Education Department, Ahar Branch. Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran.


The issue of creation is one of the mysterious issues and secrets of the universe. Accordingly, the theory of "Creation ex nihilio" has been one of the challenges of philosophers and theologians in all ages. Many interpretations and explanations have been presented in this regard, each of which is faced with ambiguities and shortcomings. The philosophical system of transcendent wisdom, in turn, has issues and problems that require comprehensive research. Therefore, many of the followers of Siddique transcendent wisdom, while accepting it, have not refrained from criticizing the opinions of "Sadr al-Muta'allehin". Temporality is the basis of the theory of "Creation ex nihilio". Mullah Sadra proves the temporality by substantial motion. The results of substantial motion, In addition to the fact that they do not agree with religious texts; and Mulla Sadra has interpreted the Quranic verses under the influence of the substantial motio, contrary to the apparent meanings of the verses. It also faces serious criticism in the area of reasons. among them: insufficient and incomplete arguments presented and the need to provide a clear and comprehensive reason is an obstacle in proving the theory of substantial motion, and it seems that the drawbacks of the reasons for proving the theory of ink motion have been accepted by the believers of this theory to the extent that elders such as Allama Tabataba'i, while accepting the drawbacks, have made arguments in this position. This theory is based on the challenges and problems that are raised, committing to its correctness and accepting it is difficult and faces serious doubts. 


Main Subjects

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