Journal of Philosophical Investigations
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Joseph de Maistre and Retributionist Theology
Joseph de Maistre and Retributionist Theology

Gabriel Andrade

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 1-12

چکیده
  Joseph de Maistre is usually portrayed as Edmund Burke’s French counterpart, as they both wrote important treatises against the French Revolution. Although Maistre did share many of Burke’s conservative political views, he was much more than a political thinker. He was above all a religious thinker who interpreted political events through the prism ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
That Philosophy as Epistemological-Based is Not Debased: A Critique of Post-Modernist/Hermeneutic Critique of Traditional Philosophy
That Philosophy as Epistemological-Based is Not Debased: A Critique of Post-Modernist/Hermeneutic Critique of Traditional Philosophy

Wesley Osemwegie؛ Anthony Afe Asekhauno

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 13-23

چکیده
  Over the centuries, beginning with the classic Greeks through the trends of the mid-20th century, philosophical enterprise has been intricately and seemingly irretrievably rooted in the theory of the given—an edification of philosophy as that giant mirror and standard for measuring what counts as knowledge; but is it thus synonymous with or reducible to ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Philosophical Rationalism in Shia Kalam
Philosophical Rationalism in Shia Kalam

Seyed Mohammad Ali Dibaji

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 25-37

چکیده
  One important question that the emergence of philosophical or rational Kalam has raised is what rationalism in the so-called Kalami (theological) schools actually means. This paper investigates the answers to the aforementioned question in Shi’a Kalam. Also, we have a comparative look at the philosophical Kalam and the rational one, concluding the identity ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Ontology of Time in Cinema A Deleuzian reading of Still Life and Prince Ehtejab With an emphasis on the concept of Time-Image
Ontology of Time in Cinema A Deleuzian reading of Still Life and Prince Ehtejab With an emphasis on the concept of Time-Image

Ali Fath Taheri؛ Faezeh Jafariyan

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 39-52

چکیده
  Gilles Deleuze, the notable post-modern philosopher, in his two-volume cinematic books Cinema 1: movement-image (1986) and Cinema 2: time-image (1989) recognizes two major periods in history of cinema (classic and modern) in terms of representing movement and time respectively. Referring to various films of modern cinema especially post-war European cinema like ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
A Pragmatic Solution to the Value Problem of Knowledge
A Pragmatic Solution to the Value Problem of Knowledge

John Greco؛ Sahar Joakim

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 53-67

چکیده
  We value possessing knowledge more than true belief. Both someone with knowledge and someone with a true belief possess the correct answer to a question. Why is knowledge more valuable than true belief if both contain the correct answer? I examine the philosophy of American pragmatist John Dewey and then I offer a novel solution to this question often called ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
On the Logic of Permissibility of Belief
On the Logic of Permissibility of Belief

سید علی کلانتری

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 69-74

چکیده
  I criticise bi-conditional formulation of the norm of the normativity of belief thesis which holds that truth is both the necessary and sufficient condition for the permissibility of belief formation. I argue that the part which holds that truth is the sufficient condition for the permissibility of belief formation is redundant. The argument follows from clarifying ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Paradox and Relativism
Paradox and Relativism

H. Muhammad Legenhausen

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 75-80

چکیده
  Since the time of Plato, relativism has been attacked as a self-refuting theory. Today, there are two basic kinds of argument that are used to show that global relativism is logically incoherent: first, a direct descendent of the argument Plato uses against Protagoras, called the peritrope; and, second, a more recent argument that relativism leads to an infinite ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Ibn Tufail as a SciArtist in the Treatise of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan
Ibn Tufail as a SciArtist in the Treatise of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

Nadia Maftouni

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 81-91

چکیده
  Ibn Tufail as a scientist as well as an artist exposes the issues of human anatomy, autopsy, and vivisection and, thereby, could be regarded as a SciArtist. SciArt might be defined as a reciprocal relation between art and science. Followings are the kinds of these interactions: artistically-inclined scientific activities,science-minded artistic activities, and ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Relationship between Two Secular and Theological Interpretations of the Concept of Highest Good in Kant: With respect to the criticism of Andrews Reath’s paper “Two Conceptions of the Highest Good in Kant”
The Relationship between Two Secular and Theological Interpretations of the Concept of Highest Good in Kant: With respect to the criticism of Andrews Reath’s paper “Two Conceptions of the Highest Good in Kant”

Reza Mahouzi؛ Zohreh Saidi

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 93-107

چکیده
  Discussing two common critiques on theological interpretations of the concept of the highest good in Kant’s moral philosophy in his paper, Two Conceptions of the Highest Good in Kant, Reath has invited readers to have a secular interpretation of this concept and pointed out its advantages. In the present paper, we will attempt to provide the main principles ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
A Reflection on Kristeva's Approach to the Structure of Language
A Reflection on Kristeva's Approach to the Structure of Language

Vahid NejadMohammad؛ Mahmoud Soufiani؛ Masoud Yaghoubi Notash

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 109-117

چکیده
  Reaching out to history and subject in terms of meaning variation, Kristeva could show that language cannot simply be a Saussurean sign system. Rather, she went on to delineate that language, beyond signs, is associated with a dynamic system of signification where the ''speaking subject'' is constantly involved in processing. Julia Kristeva, a French critic, ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
What’s behind meaning?
What’s behind meaning?

Alberto Peruzzi

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 119-145

چکیده
  The paper addresses the main questions to be dealt with by any semantic theory which is committed to provide an explanation of how meaning is possible. On one side the paper argues that the resources provided by the development of mathematical logic, theoretical computer science, cognitive psychology, and general linguistics in the 20th Century, however indispensable ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Moderate Morality: An Interest-Based Contractarian Defense & its Applied Result in the Political Ethics of International Relations
Moderate Morality: An Interest-Based Contractarian Defense & its Applied Result in the Political Ethics of International Relations

Shirzad Peik Herfeh

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 147-161

چکیده
  What is morality’s scope? Should all our actions be evaluated morally? Is it necessary to be causally responsible for harm to have a responsibility to reduce it? Is there a morally relevant distinction between those consequences of our actions which we intend or do and those which we foresee but do not intend or allow but do not do? Is helping others a ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Necessity of Considering Folk Ethics in Moral Philosophy
The Necessity of Considering Folk Ethics in Moral Philosophy

Jalal Peykani

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 163-174

چکیده
  Contemporary ethics and moral philosophy need a kind of revision due to their negligence in human moral capacities, ordinary life, and humans’ expectations of ethics. The assumptions and presuppositions of ethics result in their current unsatisfactory status. In this paper, we first explore and criticize those presuppositions. Then, instead of introducing ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Kant and Demystification of Ethics and Religion
Kant and Demystification of Ethics and Religion

Qodratullah Qorbani

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 175-190

چکیده
  Kant's demystification is meant to put away any metaphysical and revealed elements from ethics and religion. Kant, fulfilling this, first argues that metaphysical questions of reason, from theoretical aspect, have no certain answers. In practical reason, he establishes his moral foundations, based on own human being without any referring to metaphysical bases. ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Beyond Cross- Cultural Philosophy: Towards a New Enlightenment
Beyond Cross- Cultural Philosophy: Towards a New Enlightenment

Detlev Quintern

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 191-204

چکیده
  The acculturalization of humanities from the late 1980ies onwards led not only to imagined different worlds (e.g. West / Islam), postmodernity overshadowed also common grounds of world`s philosophies. Christianity and Islam share far more than what might separate them, and we find Islam in „the West “as Christianity „in the East“. The ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Comparative Study of Aquinas and Kant‘s Narration of Ethics and Theology
Comparative Study of Aquinas and Kant‘s Narration of Ethics and Theology

Mohammad Raayat jahromi

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 205-215

چکیده
  Since Kant is a son of his time, his thought is originally rooted in the Enlightenment. The distinction between theoretical and practical reason, formal and material conscientiousness, authentic and doctrinal theodicy, sincerity and falsehood, and finally, historical and moral faith religion, are implications of the court held by Kant for metaphysics. Meanwhile, ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Aristotle on the Cause of Being and of Coming to Be
Aristotle on the Cause of Being and of Coming to Be

Sebastian Weiner

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 217-232

چکیده
  This paper considers Aristotle’s distinction between the cause of being and the cause of coming to be. It is intended to show that Aristotle is able to unify both kinds of causes on the basis of the idea that a thing’s substance is its end. He is not confused about the cause of being and of coming to be, as it might seem in several passages. The paper’s ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Phenomenology of love: The Destructive and Constructive Nature of Love
Phenomenology of love: The Destructive and Constructive Nature of Love

Alireza Farnam؛ Masumeh Zamanlu؛ Sahar Khoshdeli

دوره 11، شماره 21 ، دی 1396، صفحه 233-242

چکیده
  Love, this eminent humane experience, has been explored not only by writers and poets, but also by philosophers, psychologists and even experimental scientists. This paper aims to discuss a novel aspect in phenomenology of love, as the concept of destructive and constructive nature of love, which is to the best of our knowledge, presented for the first time. ...  بیشتر