Journal of Philosophical Investigations
دوره 17 (1402)
شماره 45 مقالات
شماره 45 زمستان 1402
شماره 44 مقالات
شماره 44 (پاییز 1402)
شماره 43 مقالات
سال ،17 شماره 43، تابستان 1402
شماره 42 مقالات
شماره 42 بهار 1402 (ویژه نامه عقلانیت نقاد )
دوره 16 (1401)
دوره 15 (1400)
دوره 14 (1399)
دوره 13 (1398)
دوره 12 (1397)
دوره 11 (1396)
دوره 10 (1395)
دوره 9 (1394)
دوره 8 (1393)
دوره 7 (1392)
دوره 6 (1391)
دوره 5 (1390)
دوره 4 (1389)
دوره 3 (1388)
دوره 2 (1387)
دوره 1 (1386)
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Karl Popper in Africa: Liberal-Communitarianism as Ideology for Democratic Social Reconstruction
Karl Popper in Africa: Liberal-Communitarianism as Ideology for Democratic Social Reconstruction

Oseni Taiwo Afisi

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 1-12

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16561

چکیده
  This paper examines the liberal society that Popper lauds, that aims to be truly open, and discusses why another, more communitarian kind of society, particularly societies in Africa, may also reflect the quest for intellectual openness that is Popper’s ideal. Moreover, this paper avers reasons why Popper should be comfortable with such a liberal-communitarian ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Popper in Greece
Popper in Greece

Georgios Archontas

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 13-22

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16563

چکیده
  Notwithstanding Karl Popper’s deep admiration for ancient Greece and his affection for modern Greece, his work has been mostly viewed with caution by Greek scholars who, until relatively recently, often chose to either ignore or downplay it. This stance can be partially attributed to the novel approach of Popper’s critique to Plato which did not fare ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Popper in Latin America
Popper in Latin America

Carlos Verdugo-Serna

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 23-39

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16569

چکیده
  The reception and influence of Popper’s philosophy of science and his political philosophy in Latin America have depended heavily on the translation of his major works originally published in German and English. Thus, for example, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, which was originally published in 1959, was translated into Spanish in 1962 and into Portuguese ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Effects of Critical Rationalism on the Development of Critical Thinking Abilities; A Case Study with Senior High School Students in Manizales, Colombia
The Effects of Critical Rationalism on the Development of Critical Thinking Abilities; A Case Study with Senior High School Students in Manizales, Colombia

Carlos-Emilio García-Duque؛ Héctor-Fernando Giraldo-Bedoya

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 40-54

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16570

چکیده
  Fostering critical thinking among senior high school students in Colombia has been an unfulfilled goal. This undesirable situation has multiple causes: “critical thinking” has become a mere slogan and its meaning and scope have not been clearly specified despite being widely used in the different levels of the education system. Furthermore, the strategies ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Some Setbacks in the Reception of Popper in Japan
Some Setbacks in the Reception of Popper in Japan

Makoto Kogawara؛ Yoji Matsuo

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 55-79

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16571

چکیده
  The reception of Popper in Japan has not been a glorious history up to the present day. There have been numerous misunderstandings and distortions. It is important to record and discuss them in order to learn from them and to make use of his ideas in the Japanese intellectual climate. This is the purpose of the present paper. From the perspective of the reception ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Critical Rationalism and the Internet
Critical Rationalism and the Internet

Donald Gillies

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 80-90

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16573

چکیده
  The aim of this paper is to consider whether critical rationalism has any ideas which could usefully be applied to the internet.  Today we tend to take the internet for granted and it is easy to forget that it was only about two decades ago that it began to be used to any significant extent. Accordingly in section 1 of the paper, there is a brief consideration ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Critical Rationalism and Post-Truth
Critical Rationalism and Post-Truth

Thomas Hainscho

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 91-106

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16575

چکیده
  'Post-truth' has become a buzzword for numerous current crises: the fragmentation of the media landscape, the ongoing debate about 'fake news', the loss of trust in science, etc. Although these crises take place in society, it is claimed that the roots of post-truth can be traced back to the history of philosophy. Occasionally, it is asserted that Karl Popper's ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Experimental Philosophy or Francis Bacon’s Elenchus
The Experimental Philosophy or Francis Bacon’s Elenchus

Jagdish Hattiangadi

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 107-126

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16576

چکیده
  Critical rationalism faces difficulty in Karl Popper’s Socratic formulation: “I may be wrong, and you may be right, and by an effort, we may find the truth.” But the Socratic elenchus, using refutations, can only give us negative knowledge of general principles, which is not the wisdom we seek. Affirmatively, we can only find a collection of ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Situational Analysis of Scientific Traditions: Popper´s hermeneutical and political turn in philosophy of science
Situational Analysis of Scientific Traditions: Popper´s hermeneutical and political turn in philosophy of science

Ambrosio Velasco Gómez

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 127-139

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2000.16577

چکیده
  Our analysis of Popper’s philosophy of science focuses on his concepts of tradition and situational analysis. These concepts represent innovative Popperian contributions to a historical and hermeneutical turn in philosophy of science that most of his critics, especially Kuhn, fail to recognize. According to his historical view, Popper conceives sciences ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Pragmatic Rationalism; Popper, Bartley and varieties of rationalism
Pragmatic Rationalism; Popper, Bartley and varieties of rationalism

William Berkson

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 140-150

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16580

چکیده
  Rational discussion guides, but does not compel individual decisions, and the best process of inquiry and decision should vary with a person’s goals and situation. Sir Karl Popper noted that after a result of observation or experiment has been obtained by independent researchers, scientists agree to reject as false theories that are contradicted by accepted ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Metaphysics of Artifacts: a critical rationalist approach
The Metaphysics of Artifacts: a critical rationalist approach

علیرضا منصوری؛ عماد طیبی

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 151-167

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16581

چکیده
  Artifacts are ubiquitous and influential in our world, but their nature and existence are controversial. Several theories have been proposed to explain the ontology of artifacts. Drawing on Popper's theory of three worlds, this paper suggests a metaphysics for artifacts along the line of a critical rationalist (CR) approach. This theory distinguishes between ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Popper’s Sociology of Science and Its Political Deficit
Popper’s Sociology of Science and Its Political Deficit

Ian Jarvie+

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 168-187

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16582

چکیده
  The paper offers a distinctive reading of Popper’s work, suggesting that his Logic of Scientific Discovery (LScD) might be re-interpreted in the light of his Open Society. Indeed, Popper can be interpreted as criticising certain aspects of his first book, and as a result improving upon them, in his second. It suggests translating what Popper says about ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Popper’s Open Society and Its Problems
Popper’s Open Society and Its Problems

Jeremy Shearmur

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 188-204

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16583

چکیده
  After offering an overview of some of the main themes of Popper’s political thought, the paper argues that his account faces two problems relating to institutions. The first is that while Popper stresses the ‘rational unity of mankind’, and the potential for any of us to furnish criticisms of public policy, it is not clear what institutional ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Critical Rationalism and Postcolonial Experience
Critical Rationalism and Postcolonial Experience

Adam Chmielewski

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 205-224

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16584

چکیده
  In this paper, I address the issue of the possible applicability of the ideas of Karl R. Popper’s social and political philosophy in the contemporary political life of postcolonial countries. Through reference to the reception of Popper’s philosophy in Central and Eastern Europe, I argue that Popper’s writings were effective in catalysing the ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Applying Critical Rationalism to Liberal Capitalism
Applying Critical Rationalism to Liberal Capitalism

Raphael Sassower

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 225-241

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16585

چکیده
  Since Critical Rationalism is considered by some more of an attitude or mindset and by others a methodological approach to philosophical thinking and practical problem-solving, its application, or more accurately, its epistemological testing grounds, should be expected to be much more wide-ranging than they have been so far. With the exception of some published ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Love, Compassion and Reason in The Open Society and Its Enemies
Love, Compassion and Reason in The Open Society and Its Enemies

Alain Boyer

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 242-257

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16586

چکیده
  One may say that The Open Society and Its Enemies (OS) offered in 1945 the first complete elaboration of the general approach proposed by Karl Popper, namely his ‘critical rationalism’, a bold generalization of the fallibilist falsificationism in the domain of the empirical sciences masterly proposed in Logik der Forschung (1934). The political content ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Encounter of Two Philosophers with ‘the Crisis of Modernity’: Karl Popper and Hans Blumenberg
The Encounter of Two Philosophers with ‘the Crisis of Modernity’: Karl Popper and Hans Blumenberg

علی پایا

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 258-280

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16587

چکیده
  Since the emergence of modernity, and in response to its myriad aspects and potentials, which are constantly unfolding, countless reactions have kept emerging in almost all quarters of the globe. A large variety of anti-modern reactions, the common core of which is perhaps the idea that modernity, in one way or another, is illegitimate, stand out among these ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Logical Content and Its Malcontents
Logical Content and Its Malcontents

David Miller

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 281-297

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16588

چکیده
  The doctrine that the content of the conclusion of a deductively valid argument is included in the content of its premises, taken jointly, is a familiar one. It has important consequences for the question of what value valid arguments possess, since it indicates the poverty of three traditional answers: that arguments may and should be used as instruments of ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Is Falsifiability a ‘Blunt Instrument’ for Modern Physics?
Is Falsifiability a ‘Blunt Instrument’ for Modern Physics?

Manjari Chakrabarty

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 298-316

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16589

چکیده
  Modern (theoretical) physics seems to be in deep crisis today as many of its core aspects are not empirically well-confirmed. Heated exchanges among physicists on the scientific status of physical theories with little or, at best, a tenuous connection to possible experimental tests is highly visible in the popular scientific literature. Some physicists (e.g., ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Is it more reasonable for a critical rationalist to be non-religious?
Is it more reasonable for a critical rationalist to be non-religious?

Jeremy Shearmur

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 317-331

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16590

چکیده
  This paper argues that it is not reasonable for a critical rationalist to be a religious believer in the Abrahamic tradition. The argument is distinctive, in that it takes seriously the critical rationalist view that we should abandon ‘justificationist’ argument. What this means, is that the structure of argument then becomes a matter of offering ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
Is it more reasonable for a Critical Rationalist to be non-Religious? Belief and Unbelief in a Post-secular Era
Is it more reasonable for a Critical Rationalist to be non-Religious? Belief and Unbelief in a Post-secular Era

علی پایا

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 332-351

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16591

چکیده
  In modern times many militant atheist thinkers and activists have tried to promote the idea that religions, as well as religious ways of life, are one of the main, if not the main source of evil in the social arena. Some other non-believer scholars, while taking a respectful approach towards religions and religious people, maintaining that it is more rational ...  بیشتر
مقاله علمی- پژوهشی
The Problem of Certainty in Religion and Science: Two Critically Rational Solutions to the Feynman Dilemma
The Problem of Certainty in Religion and Science: Two Critically Rational Solutions to the Feynman Dilemma

Shuja Zaidi

دوره 17، شماره 42 ، خرداد 1402، صفحه 352-373

https://doi.org/10.22034/jpiut.2023.16592

چکیده
  The influential physicist Richard Feynman became interested in the relationship between religion and science during a mid-career phase. He proposed that their interface was embroiled in unresolvable difficulties. He felt that science demanded an attitude of uncertainty for its claims, while religion contrarily required certain belief in its core doctrines. Though ...  بیشتر